Enhanced equivalence class
formation by the delay and relational functions of meaningful stimuli.
The equivalence class
1, which contains all the constant functions, satisfies [alpha] [less than or equal to] 1 for all [alpha] [member of] [S.
Such multiple realizability is hierarchically organized such that lower level configurations corresponding to a particular higher level state constitute an equivalence class
that represents a set of meaningful variables (the emergent biological function, specific idea, intention, or value, and so on).
i] (X) is a partition of X and every Fi (X) is an equivalence class
So the next level of privacy has been provided using the method called l-diversity  which contains l well represented distinct values within an equivalence class
In other words, two nodes on the interface [GAMMA] between the subdomains belong to the same equivalence class
if they belong to the same set of subdomain boundaries [[partial derivative][OMEGA].
Specifically, the sample can be two stimuli of the same equivalence class
or two stimuli of distinct classes.
Next, we discuss two important classes of SRCTs that will form special representatives of each equivalence class
These data indicate the relevance of the formation of an equivalence class
between the presentation of different types of problems and the problem-solving behavior.
Given the array N for the selected w, we define an equivalence relation on the indices of the suffix array r of w, such that contiguous indices with the same value in N define an equivalence class
0](F,K), where [absolute value of x] is the equivalence class
of the composite function [absolute value of [x.
Similarity attack can occur when equivalence class
contains distinct but semantically similar values for sensitive attribute.