Mackie de deduire abusivement du texte virgilien l'appartenance de Megere a la famille des Dirae (ce qui lui permet ensuite de poser lequivalence entre Furies et Dirae a partir du releve de l'inscription de Megere sur les vases dans le role d'une Furie), si lon peut le critiquer egalement d'avoir considere que Virgile s'inspirait des demons italiens sur la base de la dualite des Erinyes
(alors que deja, dans les textes grecs, Erinys donne la mort), il faut lui reconnaitre le merite d'avoir fait avancer la recherche sur des bases plus sures.
When Hammon writes, "I have passed the common bounds set for man, and must soon go the way of all the earth" (Ransom 107), one cannot help but imagine his delight as everything comes together in his head: Pluche's identification of the god Jupiter-Hammon with "the course of the sun," Hammon's self-image as a light of truth to his fellow slaves, his use of encoded meaning, both in numerological structure and semantic savvy, and, perhaps, knowledge of Heraditus's dictum: "Sun will not overstep his measures, otherwise the Erinyes
, ministers of Justice, will find him out.
Of special interest in relation to domestic discord and doggishness in The White Devil are his arguments that a dog was sacrificed in imitation of Greek purification rites, and that the Luperci dressed in dog skins because of an association between dogs and 'Lares': 'The Lares are spirits of punishment, like the Erinyes
, overseers of lives and households' (The Roman Questions, trans, by H.
It is true that the binding song of the Erinyes
at Eumenides 307ff.
The rest of the play confirms that Creon has erred and roused ate and the Erinyes
against himself (especially 1023-7, 1074-6, 1259-69), has shown unwisdom (1052) in failing to observe the established nomoi (1113-14), and brought pollution on the city and interrupted its communications with the gods (1015-22).
Corruption, not war, is the target of condemnation in French director Ariane Mnouchkine's La ville parjure ou Le reveil des Erinyes
, one of two characteristically oversized Theatre du Soleil productions in the festival (see Robert Schneider's article on Avignon for discussion of the other, Tartuffe).
The beam reveals Zeus' anger and invites the heroes to purify themselves,(22), or warns that they are being pursued by the Erinyes
, who avenge wrongs, especially murders committed among kinsmen.
Known in Greek as Erinyes
(singular Erinys), they were probably personified curses, but possibly were originally conceived of as ghosts of the murdered.
If the Erinyes
could be refashioned to new duties within the polis, how could less implacable human adversaries have refused to accept the decisions of the polis?
One is tempted to conclude, Winnington-Ingram continues, that "in Agamemnon, from 60ff onward, every reference to Erinyes
[Furies] is associated, textually, with Zeus, every reference to Zeus with Erinyes
Dying, she laid a curse on any land that would shelter him, and the Erinyes
drove him mad.
were the three Erinyes
in Greek mythology, known by the Romans as the Furies?