Ernest Renan


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Renan, Ernest

(ĕrnĕst` rənäN`), 1823–92, French historian and critic. He began training for the priesthood but renounced it in 1845. His first trip to Italy (1849) influenced his interest in antiquity but did not change most of his basic ideas, formed by 1848 when he wrote L'Avenir de la science (1890, tr. 1891). Relativistic, concerned with fundamental problems of human nature, he studied religion from a historical rather than a theological point of view. He wrote Histoire des origines du christianisme (8 vol., 1863–83; tr. The History of the Origins of Christianity, 5 vol., 1888–90), of which the first volume, Vie de Jésus, became his most widely known book, and the Histoire du peuple d'Israël (5 vol., 1887–93; tr. History of the People of Israel, 1888–96). In 1878 he was elected to the French Academy, and in 1883 he was made director of the Collège de France. Renan turned to creative writing in later years and, with irony and poetic style, composed Dialogues et fragments philosophiques (1876) and the much-discussed Drames philosophiques (1888). His subtle irony and beautiful prose are blended, sometimes whimsically, in the Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse (1883; tr. Recollections of My Youth, 1883). Renan's influence was widespread.

Bibliography

See biographies by H. W. Wardman (1964) and R. M. Chadbourne (1968); studies by R. M. Chadbourne (1957) and V. V. Gaigalas (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
se preguntaba Ernest Renan, en 1882, y respondia: "La nacion es un alma, un principio espiritual" constituido por un legado de recuerdos, de glorias y sacrificios comunes del pasado, asi como del consentimiento actual, el deseo presente de vivir juntos.
Por ello, en el centenario de su I fundadora, me atrevo a aplicar a su legado la sentencia del historiador frances Joseph Ernest Renan, para quien el respeto al pasado provoca el verdadero progreso.
The book describes his early life and education, his encounters with Russian radicalism, and the impact of French thinkers James Darmesteter and Ernest Renan on AgaogluAEs ideas.
La Vida de Jesus fue el primero de los siete volumenes que el historiador y filologo breton Ernest Renan (1823-1892) dedico a la Historia de los origenes del cristianismo.
Fanatics, the French philosopher Ernest Renan argued, fear liberty more than they fear persecution.
3 Iqbal quoted French philosopher, Ernest Renan in support of his thesis.
Im Grunde genommen kann diese politische (Wieder-)Taufe als eine groteske Glosse der beruhmten, vielzitierten, selten vollstandig und im Kontext gelesenen Rede von Ernest Renan, Was ist eine Nation?
Estos autores (Lord ACTON, ERNEST RENAN, FRIEDRICH ENGELS, KARL MARX, FRIEDRICH MEINECKE y OTTO BAUER), que escribieron desde diferentes miradas -filosofia, historia, derecho-, dejaron unos legados que hacen parte hoy de las discusiones de la nacion en Europa, ya sea alrededor de los movimientos nacionalistas o de los debates de la multiculturalidad y la ciudadania.
His key protagonists, Edward Pusey and John Henry Newman, saw Anglican-Roman Catholic rapprochement as singularly important for defending Christianity from the continental secularism exemplified by Ernest Renan.
95--The orientalist, Ernest Renan, author of Averroes et l'averroisme, writing in 1852, noticed the similarity between Hegel's view of religion and that of the medieval Islamic scholar Ibn Rushd (1126-98), better known in the West as Averroes.
The alternative to an epluribus unum or an epluribus "pluribus" national identity could take the form of a larger "continental identity," as predicted by the French historian Ernest Renan for Europe more than a century ago: "Nations are not eternal.
Borrowing from Ernest Renan, the late 19th century French philosopher and historian and author of What is a Nation?