Erwin Rommel

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Rommel, Erwin

(ĕr`vēn rôm`əl), 1891–1944, German field marshal. He entered the army in 1910 and rose slowly through the ranks. In 1939, Adolf Hitler made him a general. Rommel brilliantly commanded an armored division in the attack (1940) on France. In Feb., 1941, he took the specially trained tank corps, the Afrika Korps, into Libya. For his successes there he was made field marshal and earned the name "the desert fox." In 1942 he pressed almost to Alexandria, Egypt, but was stalled by fierce British resistance and lack of supplies. A British offensive overwhelmed (Oct.–Nov., 1942) the German forces at AlameinAlamein, El
or Al Alamayn
, town, N Egypt, on the Mediterranean Sea. It was the site of a decisive British victory in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns in).
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 (see North Africa, campaigns inNorth Africa, campaigns in,
series of military contests for control of North Africa during World War II. The desert war started in 1940 and for more than two years thereafter seesawed between NE Libya and NW Egypt.
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). Rommel was recalled to Germany before the Afrika Korps's final defeat. He was a commander in N France when the Allies invaded Normandy in June, 1944. Allied success led Rommel, who had lost his respect for Hitler, to agree to a plot to remove Hitler from office. Wounded in an air raid in July, he had just recovered when he was forced to take poison because of his part in the attempt on Hitler's life in July, 1944.


See his memoirs and correspondence of World War II, The Rommel Papers, ed. by B. H. Liddell Hart, 1953; biography by D. Young (1950, repr. 1969); studies by R. Lewin (1968, repr. 1972), C. Douglas-Hume (1973), and M. Kitchen (2009); P. Caddick-Adams, Monty and Rommel (2012).

Rommel, Erwin


Born Nov. 15, 1891, in Heidenheim, Baden-Würtemberg; died Oct. 14, 1944, in Herlingen, near the city of Ulm. Fascist German field marshal (1942).

Rommel entered military service in 1910 and fought in World War I. He served in the Reichswehr in 1918, and later, the Wehrmacht. During the 1930’s he was a teacher and head of a military academy. In September 1939 he became military commandant of Hitler’s headquarters. In February 1940, Rommel was made commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the campaign in France. From February 1941 until March 1943 he commanded the German expeditionary forces in North Africa. From July to November 1943 he commanded Army Group V in northern Italy. In November 1943, Rommel functioned as military inspector for the headquarters of the High Command in Denmark. In November 1943 he became commander of Army Group B in France. On July 17 he left the post because of a serious injury. Rommel was associated with the right wing of the conspirators against Hitler, and after the conspiracy was uncovered, he committed suicide on Hitler’s order.

References in periodicals archive ?
Stein has said the film is about the conflict felt by "the person, Erwin Rommel, who represents the entire nation, which recognized too slowly and too late that the man it so passionately served was a criminal.
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is a classic example, when in a battle his Afrika Korps mauled the British and advanced hundreds of kilometres that day and in the process captured many prisoners, armour, ammunition, etc.
Author Bradford, for whom no background information is given, has written a tribute to the men on both sides who fought in the North African Campaign in World War II, and particularly to Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps.
One can think of many examples, such as generals preparing to fight the last war, while innovators, like Erwin Rommel or Billy Mitchell, develop the weapons and tactics that will win the next one.
Chapman is a member of a British combat unit whose mission is to go behind German lines and locate and kill Field Marshall Erwin Rommel.
As with all of Shaara's other works, The Rising Tide begins with an introduction to the main players, including not only those with familiar names--Dwight Eisenhower, Mark Clark, Erwin Rommel, and George Patton--but also unknown frontline soldiers.
On the western desert side, in Libya and Egypt, and after the initial success against the Italians, the polyglot British Eighth Army--composed in part of Commonwealth troops, including Indians, Gurkhas, and Maoris--went up against the newly arrived Afrika Korps of General Erwin Rommel and suffered by comparison.
Bernard Montgomery, who defeated Field Marshall Erwin Rommel at El Alamein in North Africa and began the steady series of Allied victories.
The German Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel, an excellent tactician, failed to appreciate--until it was too late--the essential nature of administration and found himself overextended.
En la segunda fue comandante del ejercito que combatio en Tunez en 1942 hasta expulsar al tambien legendario Zorro del desierto, el aleman Erwin Rommel.
He recalled the scrawny young men with nimble legs like his scrambling in the face of fear across the north African desert "chasing down" German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.
Throughout 1942, this was done with great efficiency by the Uboats led by AdmiralKarlDenitz, a foe who, like General Erwin Rommel,hadgained the respect of Allied commanders.