Erwin Rommel

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Rommel, Erwin

(ĕr`vēn rôm`əl), 1891–1944, German field marshal. He entered the army in 1910 and rose slowly through the ranks. In 1939, Adolf Hitler made him a general. Rommel brilliantly commanded an armored division in the attack (1940) on France. In Feb., 1941, he took the specially trained tank corps, the Afrika Korps, into Libya. For his successes there he was made field marshal and earned the name "the desert fox." In 1942 he pressed almost to Alexandria, Egypt, but was stalled by fierce British resistance and lack of supplies. A British offensive overwhelmed (Oct.–Nov., 1942) the German forces at AlameinAlamein, El
or Al Alamayn
, town, N Egypt, on the Mediterranean Sea. It was the site of a decisive British victory in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns in).
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 (see North Africa, campaigns inNorth Africa, campaigns in,
series of military contests for control of North Africa during World War II. The desert war started in 1940 and for more than two years thereafter seesawed between NE Libya and NW Egypt.
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). Rommel was recalled to Germany before the Afrika Korps's final defeat. He was a commander in N France when the Allies invaded Normandy in June, 1944. Allied success led Rommel, who had lost his respect for Hitler, to agree to a plot to remove Hitler from office. Wounded in an air raid in July, he had just recovered when he was forced to take poison because of his part in the attempt on Hitler's life in July, 1944.


See his memoirs and correspondence of World War II, The Rommel Papers, ed. by B. H. Liddell Hart, 1953; biography by D. Young (1950, repr. 1969); studies by R. Lewin (1968, repr. 1972), C. Douglas-Hume (1973), and M. Kitchen (2009); P. Caddick-Adams, Monty and Rommel (2012).

Rommel, Erwin


Born Nov. 15, 1891, in Heidenheim, Baden-Würtemberg; died Oct. 14, 1944, in Herlingen, near the city of Ulm. Fascist German field marshal (1942).

Rommel entered military service in 1910 and fought in World War I. He served in the Reichswehr in 1918, and later, the Wehrmacht. During the 1930’s he was a teacher and head of a military academy. In September 1939 he became military commandant of Hitler’s headquarters. In February 1940, Rommel was made commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the campaign in France. From February 1941 until March 1943 he commanded the German expeditionary forces in North Africa. From July to November 1943 he commanded Army Group V in northern Italy. In November 1943, Rommel functioned as military inspector for the headquarters of the High Command in Denmark. In November 1943 he became commander of Army Group B in France. On July 17 he left the post because of a serious injury. Rommel was associated with the right wing of the conspirators against Hitler, and after the conspiracy was uncovered, he committed suicide on Hitler’s order.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bill Dickinson (main and bottom) in his Army days and (left) Viscount Montgomery and Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
Despite being grilled by the Gestapo, the Welsh soldier refused to talk and was hauled before famed German general Erwin Rommel.
BORN Anni-Frid Lyngsdtad, Swedish singer, 1945, top Erwin Rommel, German field marshal, 1891 Aneurin Bevan, British politician, 1897 Send your DIED Myra Hindley, English murderer, 2002 John Le Mesurier, UK actor, 1983, above Saul Chaplin, US film director, 1997
MRS ROMMEL'S PARTY WAS A GIFT FOR ALLIES We might not be celebrating the 70th anniversary of D-day on June 6 this year if celebrated German commander Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had not joined his wife Lu on her birthday.
North East regiments played a vital role in the famous battle between Field Marshal Montgomery and the German "Desert Fox", Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.
London, Oct 29 ( ANI ): A new row has erupted over a film which suggests Germany's Second World War general, Erwin Rommel, was a deeply convinced Nazi and anti-Semite driven by an egotistical desire for fame, rather than the chivalrous 'Desert Fox' commander of legend who is reputed to have plotted against Hitler.
10) General Erwin Rommel was a competent amateur pilot and occasionally flew personal recce missions.
7th Batt Scotland "Fightin Division the wor Famo of EE Famously, the unit's soldiers saw off Hitler's greatest general Erwin Rommel at the battles of El Alamein and Wadi Akarit.
CAIRO: Famously, Field Marshall Montgomery, who turned World War II on its head defeating the Desert Fox, Erwin Rommel in Egypt, described leadership as the capacity and the will to rally men and women to a common purpose and the character that inspires confidence.
Bernard Montgomery led British forces to clash with Erwin Rommel of Germany throughout the second World War.
The book features rare photos, top secret orders and reports of the unit's missions, including a daring raid to capture one of Hitler's top generals - Erwin Rommel, the Desert Fox.
Field Marshall Erwin Rommel, arguably the most able of the German generals, noted for his strategic brilliance in the North African theater, was so convinced that all was safe that he took a few days off to be with his wife on her birthday.