Escorial


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Escorial

(ĕskôr`ēəl, Span. āskōrēäl`) or

Escurial

(ĕskyo͝or`ēəl), monastery and palace, in New Castile, central Spain, near Madrid. One of the finest edifices in Europe, it was built (1563–84) as the monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial by Philip IIPhilip II,
1527–98, king of Spain (1556–98), king of Naples and Sicily (1554–98), and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580–98). Philip's Reign
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 to commemorate the Spanish victory over the French at Saint-Quentin (1557). The somber and massive pile of blue-grey granite buildings, including monastery, church, royal palace, college, library, and royal Spanish tomb, form a quadrangle with towers rising from the corners. The Escorial was begun by the architect Juan Bautista de Toledo and finished by his pupil Juan de Herrera; it was decorated by Claudio CoelloCoello, Claudio
, c.1642–1693, Spanish baroque painter. As court painter to Charles II he decorated many churches and public buildings of Madrid. His most famous work is the monumental altarpiece for the sacristy of the Escorial, filled with portraits and allegorical figures.
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, Luca GiordanoGiordano, Luca
, 1632–1705, Italian decorative painter, b. Naples. He was the pupil of Ribera and Pietro da Cortona. He imitated the works of the great masters with amazing speed and facility and ultimately based his style upon those of Veronese and Cortona.
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, and other noted artists. The Escorial has an art collection that includes paintings by VelázquezVelázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
, 1599–1660, b. Seville. He was the most celebrated painter of the Spanish school. Early Life and Work
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, RiberaRibera, Jusepe, José, or Giuseppe
, c.1590–1652, Spanish baroque painter. He studied in Valencia and Rome but at an early age settled in Naples, then a Spanish possession.
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, El GrecoGreco, El
, c.1541–1614, Greek painter in Spain, b. Candia (Iráklion), Crete. His real name was Domenicos Theotocopoulos, of which several Italian and Spanish versions are current.
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, and TintorettoTintoretto
, 1518–94, Venetian painter, whose real name was Jacopo Robusti. Tintoretto is considered one of the greatest painters in the Venetian tradition. He was called Il Tintoretto [little dyer] from his father's trade.
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.

Bibliography

See study by H. Kamen (2010).

Escorial

A palace of the kings of Spain, built by Philip II in the 16th cent. near Madrid.

Escorial

former monastery in central Spain; mausoleum of Spanish sovereigns. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 890]

Escorial

, Escurial
a village in central Spain, northwest of Madrid: site of an architectural complex containing a monastery, palace, and college, built by Philip II between 1563 and 1584
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : JUNTA DE GOBIERNO DEL AYUNTAMIENTO DEL REAL SITIO DE SAN LORENZO DE EL ESCORIAL
The El Escorial criteria which developed by the World Federation of Neurology Research Group on Motor Neuron Diseases were the most accepted diagnostic criteria for ALS, though these criteria were originally developed for research purposes.
The El Escorial World Federation of Neurology criteria for the diagnosis of ALS address how to treat the most common symptoms of ALS that occur as the disease progresses.
3) Dentro de la linea historicista, El Escorial suponia el recuerdo de la Espana Imperial, materializada en un edificio que constituia a la vez, un alarde de perfeccion tecnica y el simbolo supremo del glorioso imperio de Felipe II, que el Franquismo perseguia emular.
Gonzalo era parte del ambito de los cursos de El Escorial.
Para ello, el objetivo que se persigue en este trabajo es identificar las dimensiones e indicadores que vislumbren la directriz de la gestion del capital estructural con el fin de lograr un mejor desempeno en la institucion, esto en virtud de ser el capital que denota el formalismo y sistematizacion del conocimiento y que a diferencia de los otros dos, esta constituido por el conocimiento existente en la organizacion que es de su propiedad (IADE-CIC, 2003) ya que cuando las personas abandonan la organizacion este conocimiento permanece en ella (Euroforum Escorial, 1998).
The Dutchman increased his advantage over Aru by three seconds on the short cobbled climb that finished yesterday's stage, but he is unlikely to find the four category-one climbs between San Lorenzo de El Escorial and Cercedilla so much to his liking.
Dubai: El Escorial Library and the Juma Al Majid Centre for Culture and Heritage are to sign a memorandum of understanding to preserve manuscripts.
According to the revised El Escorial criteria, the described unusual combination of upper and lower motor neuron signs in association with cerebellar ataxia with dysmetria can be classified as a specific form of ALS-plus syndrome.
A couple of embroiled sheets of Miguel Barnades Manaider and Esteban de Prado in the Herbaria of Real Colegio Alfonso XII of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid).
La segunda localidad se halla en el alto de El Escorial con coordenadas 7[grados] 20' Norte, 72[grados]38' Oeste, ubicada a 2900 y 2980 m, es un bosque secundario con variedad de especies, alta humedad y presencia de un sotobosque denso.
La reconstruccion cultural de Escorial y la llamada "politica de la hispanidad" 4.