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a shared racial, linguistic or national identity of a social group. See also NATIONALISM.

Ethnicity is an imprecise term which has given rise to some degree of conceptual confusion (see also ETHNIC GROUP). It is often conflated with other terms such as racial group.

Ethnicity can incorporate several forms of collective identity, including cultural, religious, national and subcultural forms. A distinction may be drawn between cultural

ethnicity and political ethnicity. The former refers to a belief in a shared language, religion or other such cultural values and practices. The latter refers to the political awareness or mobilization of a group on a (real or assumed) ethnic basis. Although ethnicity is often used in relation to a group's assumed racial identity, strictly racial attributes (see RACE) are not necessarily, or even usually, the defining feature of ethnic groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
We need to see the widest spectrum of insider voices - old and young, female and male, urban and rural, North and South, Midwest and Far West, upper-class and under-class - and ethnicities of the most diverse blendings - monocultural, bi-cultural, cross-cultural, multicultural.
Because people may identify with more than one ethnicity, the recommendation in the 2005 standard is that all official collections of statistics be capable of capturing six ethnicities per person; and if that is not yet possible then capture at least three.
In brief, allowing all self-identified ethnicities for each person to be reported, as in the census, means people are represented as they wish, but one outcome is that when all ethnicities are considered the sum of the percentages of people identifying with each will be more than 100.
Topics addressed include a short history of multiethnicity, the relationship between the nation and ethnicity, varieties of ethnicity, the political economy of multiethnicity and social capital, multiculturalism as a moving target amid ongoing cultural flux and tenuous institutional arrangements, ethnicities and multiculturalisms, multiculturalisms and museums, Islam and cosmopolitanism, and global multiculture as a new social formation and new phase of globalization.
However its reference is often very fluid, unlike the genealogy of tradition, shifting between different level ethnicities between for example, Sunni Muslim, Lebanese, Muslim and/or Arab.
A UC admissions report released last week indicated that students of all ethnicities, except Asian-Americans, accepted for the fall semester declined by as much as 18 percent - 43 percent at University of California, Los Angeles.
The review noted that the high rate of intermarriage between ethnic groups in New Zealand, as well as the significant number of individuals who record dual or multiple ethnicities, creates major challenges in assigning an ethnic group to a household or family, both conceptually and practically.
Ethnicities covered include: White; Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity; American Indian/Alaskan Native; Asian; and Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander.
Significantly higher proportions of black adolescents and those of other ethnicities (61% and 59%, respectively) had had two or more partners when compared with Hispanic (56%) and white (54%) adolescents.
The next section, on "Tribute, Migration and Trade," deals primarily with late colonial data, but follows a similar pattern: first, a rather theoretical essay by Saignes, who emphasizes the mutability of individual ethnicities that were less expressions of personal identity than tools to achieve specific economic ends in the face of a legal system predicated upon ethnic categorization.