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(Russian, etnogenez), the process whereby an ethnic community is formed from various ethnic components.

When ethnogenesis, which is the initial stage in ethnic history, reaches completion, the ethnos that has formed may assimilate other groups or break up into new ethnic groups. Historically, two types of ethnogenesis are distinguished. The first, which is part of the ethnic history of primitive communal and precapitalist societies, concludes with the formation of nationalities, primarily in the early feudal period. In ethnogenetic processes of the second type, members of peoples that have already formed and the processes of acculturation play a decisive role in the formation of modern ethnic communities, such as the contemporary peoples of America.

Ethnogenesis is characterized by the interrelationship of two kinds of ethnogenetic processes. The first is the consolidation of autochthonous ethnic components, both related and unrelated; the second is the inclusion of immigrants in the process of ethnogenesis.

The study of ethnogenesis requires an interdisciplinary approach that uses data from the related disciplines of archaeology, comparative linguistics, and cultural and physical anthropology.


Cheboksarov, N. N., and I. A. Cheboksarova. Narody, rasy, kul’tury. Moscow, 1971.
Bromlei, Iu. V. Etnos ietnografiia. Moscow, 1973.
Sovremennye etnicheskie protsessy v SSSR. Moscow, 1975.
Bruk, S. I., and Cheboksarov, N. N. “Metaetnicheskie obshchnosti.” In Rasy i narody, issue 6. Moscow, 1976.
Kriukov, M. V. “Evoliutsiia etnicheskogo samosoznaniia i problema etnogeneza.” Ibid.


References in periodicals archive ?
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim, are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.
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Pfoh rightly points out that the Late Bronze to Early Iron Age transition in Israel is key to discussing multiple historiographic problems, including the issues of state formation, ethnogenesis, and the disjunction between what the biblical literature describes and what can be understood through the disciplines of archaeology and anthropology.
Ethnogenesis and the Query on the Origins of Israel
Author Lubov Bazan attempts to uplift the veil of secrecy surrounding Belarus and answer an important question of the ethnogenesis of the Belarusians.
Andean journeys: Migration, Ethnogenesis, and the State in Colonial Quito.
As I will explore in the next section, when read into the context of national mothers like La Malinche and the Virgen de Guadalupe, the Xpul Ya'a's status as the standard bearer of Maya culture also positions her as a response to these national symbols as she founds contemporary Yucatec Maya identity in a tradition of ethnogenesis and resistance.
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27) In this context, the ethno- symbolic approach encourages the processes of ethnogenesis, in which myths, memories, symbolism and especially language as mechanism of socio-cultural survival play fundamental role in analyzing formations of national identity.
In his postwar works devoted to the ethnogenesis of the Yugoslavs, Zupanic reiterated his metallurgic metaphors, claiming that, in the case of Serbs, racial mixing brought formidable results: "Even precious gold does not have the most value or durability when found in pure state; for this reason, in mints, it is alloyed with copper and other less valuable metals to impart it with more toughness, a vivacity of colour, or a beautiful sheen.