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the language of the Etruscans.

Etruscan, a Mediterranean language, is attested by more than 10,000 inscriptions, on various objects, written in a phonetic alphabet similar to the Greek alphabet. The most important texts are fragments of a sacred book, of which some 1,200 words have been preserved, that were written on the wrappings of a mummy now housed at the National Museum in Zagreb. Other important texts are an inscription of 300 words on a tablet found at Capua and a dedicatory inscription with a parallel text in Phoenician found at Pyrgri. Also known are 60 glosses preserved in works by classical and early medieval authors, loanwords in Latin, and numerous toponyms (seeTOPONYMY).

The meaning of approximately 150 Etruscan words has been established. Etruscan, whose historical relation to other languages is unclear, most closely resembles the language of an inscription on a stele found on the island of Lemnos. Attempts by such scholars as V. Georgiev to prove a relationship between Etruscan and the Hittite-Luwian languages have been criticized by specialists.


Kharsekin, A. I. “Ob etrusskom iazyke.” In the collection Tainy drevnikh pis’men. Moscow, 1976. (Translated from English, German, French, and Italian.)
Pallottino, M. “Problema etrusskogo iazyka.” Ibid.
Pallottino, M. Testimonia linguae Etruscae, 2nd ed. Florence, 1968.
Pfiffig, A. J. Die etruskische Sprache. Graz, 1969.
Georgiev, V. Etruskische Sprachwissenschaft, vols. 1–2. Sofia, 1970–71.


References in periodicals archive ?
Photo: This transparent, computer-generated image of the topological form known as the Etruscan Venus allows a viewer to peer into the figure's convoluted interior.
But even if, as seems likely, we will never know which was made first, the sarcophagus of Larth Tetnies and Thanchvil Tarnai is a fascinating reminder of how younger generations strive to distinguish themselves from their predecessors; for them, that meant choosing to be remembered for their positive reception, even emulation, of Hellenic culture --without abandoning their reverence for Etruscan values.
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This is all part of seeing the Etruscans in their own terms, which makes it the more surprising to find so many entries for divinities and mythological personages under their Greek names, occasionally omitting the Etruscan name altogether (e.
The new thesis is that it is a medieval copy of an original Etruscan work," Rome's municipality supervisor for culture, Umberto Broccoli, said.
Whereas the first two volumes under review are, it could be suggested, embedded in the familiar, near modern, world, the Etruscan volume seeks to enter the strange, the unfamiliar, glimpsed by anthropological discourse in the Classical world's near neighbours.
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Three (3) of the Anglo properties will add to the Etruscan Diamonds' holdings in the Venetrsdorp District and the remaining fourteen (14) properties are located 100 kilometers to the west situated between two historic alluvial diamond districts: the Lichtenburg District to the north and the Schweizer-Reneke District to the south (see accompanying map).