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the language of the Etruscans.

Etruscan, a Mediterranean language, is attested by more than 10,000 inscriptions, on various objects, written in a phonetic alphabet similar to the Greek alphabet. The most important texts are fragments of a sacred book, of which some 1,200 words have been preserved, that were written on the wrappings of a mummy now housed at the National Museum in Zagreb. Other important texts are an inscription of 300 words on a tablet found at Capua and a dedicatory inscription with a parallel text in Phoenician found at Pyrgri. Also known are 60 glosses preserved in works by classical and early medieval authors, loanwords in Latin, and numerous toponyms (seeTOPONYMY).

The meaning of approximately 150 Etruscan words has been established. Etruscan, whose historical relation to other languages is unclear, most closely resembles the language of an inscription on a stele found on the island of Lemnos. Attempts by such scholars as V. Georgiev to prove a relationship between Etruscan and the Hittite-Luwian languages have been criticized by specialists.


Kharsekin, A. I. “Ob etrusskom iazyke.” In the collection Tainy drevnikh pis’men. Moscow, 1976. (Translated from English, German, French, and Italian.)
Pallottino, M. “Problema etrusskogo iazyka.” Ibid.
Pallottino, M. Testimonia linguae Etruscae, 2nd ed. Florence, 1968.
Pfiffig, A. J. Die etruskische Sprache. Graz, 1969.
Georgiev, V. Etruskische Sprachwissenschaft, vols. 1–2. Sofia, 1970–71.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Etruscan woman had an important role as no other woman at that era (Roman, Greek or Punic).
7) Lawrence abandoned himself to rhapsodical descriptions of the vitality of the Etruscan universe: 'To the Etruscan, all was alive: the whole universe lived: and the business of man was himself to live amid it all.
Restorer Sarri and an assistant work on an Etruscan stele at a restoration centre in Florence
The new thesis is that it is a medieval copy of an original Etruscan work," Rome's municipality supervisor for culture, Umberto Broccoli, said.
The face on this Etruscan cinerari urn (circa 5th century BC) bears a striking resemblance to a character familiar to MAD readers.
The first historian to address the question of Etruscan origins was Herodotus, by tradition the first Greek historian who around the middle of the 5th century B.
For this last reason, Etruscan votive terracottas are often stylistically dated by comparison to Greek sculptural prototypes.
The first, by Jean Macintosh Turfa, focuses on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar and includes both Johannes Lydus's Greek text and the author's English translation, while the second, edited by de Grummond, contains a number of pertinent Latin and Greek texts, which are reproduced both in their original language and in English.
Like Radcliffe's enduring classic, The Etruscan transcends the Gothic conventions, portraying a complex heroine who appeals absolutely to contemporary sensibilities.
The new galleries that will be built from within will reopen to visitors some of the most majestic spaces in its landmark building, and, of vast significance, permit the institution's outstanding collection of Hellenistic, Roman, and Etruscan art--long in storage--to return, at last, to public view in breathtaking new galleries," said de Montebello.
Its chief concern is to place the Etruscan language in relation to Caucasian and Indo-European by solving lexical problems in the longer and shorter Etruscan texts from Pyrgi.
She also finds herself with yet another missing piece--an Etruscan chimera--that comes into her possession.