Euclydes da Cunha

(redirected from Euclides da Cunha)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Cunha, Euclydes da

 

Born Jan. 20, 1866, in Cantagalo; died Aug. 15, 1909, in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian writer and thinker. Member of the Brazilian Academy of Literature from 1903. Studied military engineering.

Cunha took part in demonstrations by the republicans against the monarchy. His political ideal was a democratic republic. In 1902 he published Os Sertões, a work combining scholarly research and publicism with an eyewitness account of the crushing of the peasant rebellion in Canudos in 1896–97. In analyzing the causes of the rebellion, Cunha exaggerated geographical and racial factors. Os Sertões influenced the subsequent development of critical realism in 20th-century Brazilian literature, in which novels describing the life and struggle of the peasant masses came to occupy a central place. Toward the end of his life, Cunha supported the first socialist organizations in Brazil, founding a socialist group in Sao Paulo in 1901. In his articles he emerged as the first exponent of Marxist ideas in Brazil. The anthology Contrasts and Comparisons (1907) included Cunha’s articles on Russian literature.

WORKS

Castro Alves e seu tempo, 2nd ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1917.
A margem da história, 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1926.
In Russian translation:
“Staraia problema.” In Progressivnye mysliteli Latinskoi Ameriki (XIX-nachalo XX v.). Moscow, 1965.

REFERENCES

Terterian, I. Euklides da Kun’ia—natsional’nyi geroi Brazilii. Moscow, 1959.
Terterian, I. Brazil’skii roman XX veka. Moscow, 1965.
Revista do livro, 1959, no. 7. (Volume dedicated to Cunha; with bibliography.)
Sousa Andrade, O. História e interpretação de “Os Sertões.” Sao Paulo, 1960.
Rabello, S. Euclides da Cunha, 2nd ed. Rio de Janeiro [1966].

I. A. TERTERIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
he mounts a challenge to Benedict Anderson's timeworn thesis about the relationship of the urban lettered elites to the production of the homogenized ideal of nation-state; he explores the work of two literary giants, Jose Carlos Mariategui and Euclides da Cunha, to comprehend the discursive role that marginal "primitives" played in the national imaginary of those writers.
The Brazilian writer Euclides da Cunha passed through Manaus in 1905.
Enock Canario De Araujo, S/N - Geremias - Euclides Da Cunha - Ba - 48500000
Nevertheless, in spite of this unfavourable portrait, the authors referred to a raca aproveitavel ("potentially useful race"), recalling once again numerous passages of Rebellion in the Backlands, especially those describing the cowherd as conjured by Euclides da Cunha.
The backwardness could only be explained by the abandonment that the populations of the interior of Brazil experienced--a subtle but significant change in the well-known theme of isolation of the backlander proposed earlier by Euclides da Cunha.
A construcao historiografica que fez do "bestializado" mais do que um simples surpreendido com o resultado de um fato conspiratorio, como disse o tao citado artigo impressionista de Aristides Lobo, e imprimiu nele, com insistencia, a marca distintiva da nao-participacao popular, subentendendo nessa omissao um indice de adesao do povo a monarquia, nao ouviu a advertencia que, contra os alvores dessa interpretacao, se levantou Euclides da Cunha.
43) Euclides da Cunha, "Da Independencia a Republica", in: A Margem da Historia, Rio de Janeiro, Academia Brasileira de Letras, 2005, p.
Foi Gilberto Freyre, em artigo de 1924, quem primeiro percebeu as identidades entre os estilos e temperamentos literarios de Euclides da Cunha e Augusto dos Anjos.
Between the two drafts, Vargas Llosa encountered a book that would have a great impact on his literary career: Rebellion in the Backlands (1902) by Euclides da Cunha.
Inspired by his reading of Os sertoes, by the Brazilian writer Euclides da Cunha, Vargas Llosa began to research a certain political uprising in rural Brazil during the last century.
L'auteure rappelle que dans le cadre des representations des favelas au XXe siecle, la vision du village de Canudos developpee par Euclides da Cunha dans son roman Os Sertoes constitua un modele fondateur, car de retour de la guerre de Canudos, les anciens combattants s'installerent au Morro da Providencia devenu par la suite Morro da Favella.
The War of the End of the World, 1984)--considered by many his finest work to date--is officially dedicated "to Euclides da Cunha in the other world; and, in this world, to Nelida Pinon.