Eugène Guillevic

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Guillevic, Eugène

 

Born Aug. 5, 1907, in Carnac. French poet. Member of the French Communist Party since 1942.

Guillevic first appeared in print on the eve of World War II in the magazine Commune (1939), with verses in memory of fallen Spanish Republicans. As a member of the Resistance movement, Guillevic took part in the underground patriotic press. The world is tragically depicted in poems from the collection From Earth and Water (1942). The laconic and severe lines of the collections Breaks (1947) and Writ of Execution (1947) call upon the people to struggle against the ugliness of their surroundings. Guillevic is the herald of the battle against social evils in the collections Thirst for Life and The Taste of Peace (both 1951) and Land for Happiness (1952). The themes of many of his poems of the 1950’s and 1960’s are the questions of war and peace and philosophic meditations on human duty (Together, 1966, and Euclidean Motifs, 1967). He translated into French a poetry collection by T. G. Shevchenko and the works of several Russian poets.

WORKS

Carnac. Paris, 1961.
Sphère [Poèmes]. Paris [1963].
Ville. Paris, 1969.
In Russian translation: [“Stikhi.”] In Freno, Gil’vik: Izfrantsuzskoi poezii. Foreword by S. Velikovskii. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Vaksmakher, M. Frantsuzskaia literatura nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1967. Pages 201-11.
Daix, P. Guillevic. Paris, 1954.
Lacòte, R. “Guillevic.” Les Lettres françaises, Feb. 9-15, 1961, no.862.

M. N. VAKSMAKHER

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Born in 1907, Eugene Guillevic is generally thought of as one of the major French lyric poets of his generation, along with, perhaps, Jean Follain.
Ivask appointed his admirer as a member of the 1982 Neustadt Prize jury, for which Morina nominated Eugene Guillevic.
The work of Eugene Guillevic continues to unfold its perceptiveness and its shrewdness, its still-craving attachment to the teeming phenomena of the earth and its increasingly mellow, caressing meditation of the fullness and the precariousness of our presence/absence.