Eugene IV

Eugene IV,

1383–1447, pope (1431–47), a Venetian named Gabriele Condulmer; successor of Martin V. He was of exemplary character and ascetic habits. Gregory XII, his uncle, made him cardinal (1408). The first part of Eugene's reign was beset with the difficulties created by the Council of Basel (see Basel, Council ofBasel, Council of,
1431–49, first part of the 17th ecumenical council in the Roman Catholic Church. It is generally considered to have been ecumenical until it fell into heresy in 1437; after that it is regarded as an anticouncil.
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), which began just after his election. Eugene at first opposed the council in its antipapal acts, but after he had been driven by rebellion from Rome into exile at Florence (1434) he was disposed to conciliate. Finally in 1437 he removed the council to Ferrara. Antipapal leaders refused to move, and the council, now in heresy, continued at Basel. It declared Eugene deposed and elected Amadeus VIIIAmadeus VIII
, 1383–1451, count (1391–1416) and duke (from 1416) of Savoy, antipope (1439–49) with the name Felix V. In 1434 he appointed his son regent of Savoy and retired to the hermitage of Ripaille, on Lake Geneva, which he had founded.
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 of Savoy antipope (as Felix V). It attracted little support, however. Meanwhile the Council of Ferrara-FlorenceFerrara-Florence, Council of,
1438–45, second part of the 17th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church; the first part was the Council of Basel, canonically convened but after 1437 schismatic (see Basel, Council of).
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 met and proclaimed (1439) the reunion of Eastern and Western churches. Abortive as this union proved to be, it greatly enhanced the papal prestige, and in 1443 Eugene returned to Rome from Florence. Eugene was succeeded by Nicholas V.

Bibliography

See biography by J. Gill (1961).

Eugene IV

 

(secular name,GabrielCondulmaro). Born 1383 in Venice; died Feb. 23, 1447, in Rome. Pope from 1431 to 1447.

Eugene IV carried on a bitter struggle with the Council of Basel, which sought to assert the primacy of councils over the pope. As a counter to it, he summoned his own council, the Council of Florence (1438-45). By a series of concessions, he was able to win a group of European sovereigns (including the monarchs of Spain and France) over to his side, thus isolating the appointee of Basel, Pope Felix V (later considered to be an antipope). At his council, he also succeeded in concluding the so-called Union of Florence between the Western (Catholic) and Eastern (Orthodox) churches, based on the recognition of papal supremacy. This union, however, was rejected by Byzantium and Rus’.

References in periodicals archive ?
Adorned with the image of San Nicolas de Tolentino who was introduced by the Catholic Augustinian order as a baker's saint, the age-old baked product began as a culinary legacy of Spanish colonialism from 1521 to 1898, Born in Italy's Pontano, de Tolentino (also known as Nicholas Gurruti, 1246-1305), was canonised by Augustinian Pope Eugene IV in 1446.
It was the first meeting of a pope and ecumenical patriarch since 1437, when Patriarch Joseph II was forced to kiss the feet of Pope Eugene IV in a sign of subservience.
It is also a fact that many popes prior to Vatican Council II found the notion that we worship the same God outrageous for, among other heresies, the 'abominable sect of Mahomet' (Pope Eugene IV, Council of Basel, 1434) which rejects the Trinity and the Divinity of Our Lord.
Together with Fra Angelico in 1447, he was commissioned by Pope Eugene IV to carry out the fresco decoration of a chapel in the Vatican.
To be sure, popes, bishops and the-ologians also frequently denounced slavery as it was actually conducted, especially racial slavery; in 1435, for example, Pope Eugene IV demanded that European colonizers stop enslaving native peoples in the Canary Islands.
Responding to enthusiasm for Andrea's cult, Eugene IV, resident in Florence, approved canonization, probably verbally.
Peter's but were then moved elsewhere, among them: Eugene IV, Callistus III, Pius II, Alexander VI, Leo X, Hadrian VI, Pius IV, Pius V, Clement VIII, Paul V, Gregory XV, Innocent X, Clement IX, Benedict XIII, and Clement XIV.
Premiere confrerie de jeunesse a voir le jour a Florence, la compagnie Arcangelo Raffaello beneficie du patronage et du soutien d'eminents personnages dont le pape Eugene IV qui intervient en sa faveur, notamment pour son emplacement.
Sixty years before Columbus crossed the Atlantic, Pope Eugene IV, responding to news of the Portugese enslavement of the Canary Islanders, condemned this activity with the Bull Sicut dudum (1453).
Pope Eugene IV in 1442 issued a papal bull that states, "Therefore it strictly orders all who glory in the name of Christian, not to practice circumcision either before or after baptism, since whether or not they place their hope in it, it cannot possibly be observed without loss of eternal salvation.
This section begins with Margaret Bent's virtuosic study of motets for popes from John XXII to Eugene IV, continuing with John Nadas/Giuliano di Bacco's work on polyphony during the great schism, Alejandro Planchart on early fifteenth-century papal music, Adalbert Roth on late fifteenth-century music, and Jeffrey Dean and Mitchell Brauner studying the development of musical traditions and a Roman canon.
Zizola recalls the almost incredible trajectory of the frequently-tumultuous line of Roman bishops - some saints, some scoundrels, many worthy, countless mediocre, a series of 11th-century young scamps appointed by the dowager Marozia, along with great medieval pontiffs from Gregory I and the monk Hildebrand as Gregory VII to Innocent III and Eugene IV - before describing the magnificent as well as scandalous accomplishments of the renaissance pontiffs and winding down with an account of the extraordinary 20th-century popes.