Eugene Joseph McCarthy

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McCarthy, Eugene Joseph,

1916–2005, U.S. political leader, b. Watkins, Minn. He served (1942–46) as a technical assistant for military intelligence during World War II and then taught (1946–49) at the College of St. Thomas in St. Paul, Minn. As a liberal Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1949–59) and the Senate (1959–71), McCarthy gained a reputation as an intellectual in politics. In 1967 he announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination as a direct challenge to President Lyndon B. JohnsonJohnson, Lyndon Baines,
1908–73, 36th President of the United States (1963–69), b. near Stonewall, Tex. Early Life

Born into a farm family, he graduated (1930) from Southwest Texas State Teachers College (now Southwest Texas State Univ.), in San Marcos.
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's Vietnam policies. His antiwar position won the support of many liberals and his strong showing (Mar., 1968) in the New Hampshire primary brought Sen. Robert F. KennedyKennedy, Robert Francis,
1925–68, American politician, U.S. Attorney General (1961–64), b. Brookline, Mass., younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and son of Joseph P. Kennedy.

A graduate of Harvard (1948) and the Univ.
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 into the race and helped persuade Johnson not to seek reelection. Defeated for the nomination by Hubert H. HumphreyHumphrey, Hubert Horatio,
1911–78, U.S. Vice President (1965–69), b. Wallace, S.Dak. After practicing pharmacy for several years, Humphrey taught political science and became involved in state politics.
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, McCarthy retired from the Senate and resumed (1973) teaching, but subsequently mounted several (1972, 1976, 1988, 1992) futile campaigns for the presidency. Among his books are The Limits of Power (1967) and The Year of the People (1969).


See D. Sandbrook, Eugene McCarthy: The Rise and Fall of Postwar American Liberalism (2004).

References in periodicals archive ?
On the Democratic side, United States Senator Bernie Sanders from Vermont is most often analogized to Eugene McCarthy, the Minnesota Democratic senator who challenged Lyndon Johnson in 1968.
Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota placed a strong second.
It rules out insurgent campaigns by challengers (such as Eugene McCarthy in 1968) who have not managed to build wide networks of donors but have attracted support from a few rich patrons.
Eugene McCarthy of the University of Georgia argued that while humans share many features with chimps we also have a large number of characteristics not found in primates and these conflicting features are most likely the result of a hybrid mating at some point in human evolution, the Daily Star reported.
In the spring, after strong showings by the antiwar candidates Eugene McCarthy and Robert F.
The other candidate, Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy, had mobilized a considerable number of young people behind him only to drop them after he showed that he was incapable (or unwilling) to commit himself to the difficult political work required of a serious contender for the presidency.
Fromm (1900-80) wrote the original pamphlet while he was actively participating in the 1968 presidential campaign of Eugene McCarthy, and it reflects his hope that McCarthy would be elected and change the course of US policy, especially foreign policy and in particular the Vietnam War.
The Minnesota History Center documents the careers of Hubert Humphrey and Eugene McCarthy, as well as the American Indian Movement (AIM), founded in Minneapolis in 1968.
Many Republicans at the time knew Eugene McCarthy was lying but kept quiet because his smears were effective.
Eugene McCarthy, wrote that their namesake senator, anticommunist demagogue Joe McCarthy, had a point: There were communist spies working in the government who aimed to bring harm to the United States.
An avid supporter of Eugene McCarthy in the 1968 presidential race, Newman apparently ended up on President Richard Nixon's enemies list.
Eugene McCarthy was winning Democratic primary elections for the presidency; the musical "Hair" opened in New York City; and the Gateway Arch was dedicated in St.