Clove Tree

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Clove Tree

 

(Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia caryophyllata), an evergreen tree of the family Myrtaceae. The clove tree is of medium size with leathery, opposite leaves. The tiny blossoms are gathered into racemes. The ovary is buried in an overgrown receptacle, and the calyx is purple, with four spurs. The four petals are white or pink, with many stamens. The fruit of the clove tree is berry-like, monospermous, and purple. All parts of the plant contain glandular hairs with volatile oils that are used in perfumes and medicine (oil of cloves). The dried buds of the clove tree—cloves—are used as a spice. The clove tree originated on the Molucca Islands and is cultivated in many tropical countries.