Warming, Johannes Eugenius Bülow

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Warming, Johannes Eugenius Bülow

(yōhän`əs ĕo͝ogā`nēo͝os bü`lou värm`ĭng), 1841–1924, Danish botanist, a founder of the science of plant ecology. He was a professor at the Univ. of Copenhagen (1885–1911) and wrote a pioneer work in his field, Plantesamfund (1895), which, rewritten and enlarged, appeared in English as Oecology of Plants (1909). He also wrote A Handbook of Systematic Botany (1878; tr., 2d ed. 1904).
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Some years would pass before various lines of study would converge: that of botanical, as followed by protagonists from Humboldt to Eugenius Warming (1841-1924), which would advance from simply recognizing the unequal distribution of plants in an area, to observing the relationship between them and environmental factors (including other plants and animals)--the line adopted by apologists of the secularized version of "the economy of nature"-- one of whom, Karl Augustus Mobius, would introduce the concept of biocoenosis (1877), and the line followed by investigators of marine and continental waters.