Eumenes II


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Eumenes II,

fl. 2d cent. B.C., son of Attalus I, king of PergamumPergamum
, ancient city of NW Asia Minor, in Mysia (modern Turkey), in the fertile valley of the Caicus. It became important c.300 B.C., after the breakup of the Macedonian empire, when a Greek family (the Attalids) established a brilliant center of Hellenistic civilization.
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 (197–159 B.C.). He managed to expand the wealth and prestige of his state by maintaining an allegiance with Rome for much of his reign. For his assistance in the Roman victory over Antiochus IIIAntiochus III
(Antiochus the Great), d. 187 B.C., king of Syria (223–187 B.C.), son of Seleucus II and younger brother of Seleucus III, whom he succeeded. At his accession the Seleucid empire was in decline.
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 of Syria, he received all of Antiochus's possessions as far as Taurus. He fell out of favor, however, during the Roman war with Macedonia, because he was suspected of plotting with the enemy. Only his death prevented a war between Pergamum and Rome. A vigorous ruler and an adept politician, Eumenes II helped make Pergamum an important cultural center, which included a library that was second only to that of Alexandria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anstatt dessen aber hatte der Makedonenkonig nicht nur in Eumenes II, mit den er wegen der Stadte Ainos und Maroneia in Thrakien in Streit geraten war, sondern auch in Tessalien erbitterte Feinde, die um die Hilfe der Romer nachsuchten (186/5).
Hostility towards him was also fostered in Rome by the ruler of Pergamum, Eumenes II.
He denounced the Romans for their pursuit of a Roman advantage (to sympheron) instead of justice (to dikaion), examples of which regard the king Eumenes II, the Achaean politician Callicrates and his opponents, Demetrius I, Ptolemy VI and his brother and rival Ptolemy VIII.
Ejemplos de estas politicas y acciones pueden ser la ayuda de Hieron II a Cartago durante la Guerra de los Mercenarios, la politica independiente de Atalo I o Eumenes II de Pergamo o la politica llevada a cabo por Demetrio de Faros antes de su deposicion.
64] And Aristophanes[65] was arrested and imprisoned when it was learned that he planned to leave the Mouseion for the court of a rival king, Eumenes II.
Eumenes II was the aforementioned King of Pergamum, which housed a rival library.
By this account, every altar, brazier, and incense burner is a descendant of Ara, and at Pergamon, on the Aegean coast of what is now Turkey, the Attalid king Eumenes II recalled the purpose of the gods' altar in the monumental altar he built to commemorate military victories against Pergamon's barbarian adversaries.
About 170 BC he went to Rome as ambassador of Eumenes II, king of Pergamum; the lectures that he delivered there gave the first impulse to the study of grammar and criticism among the Romans.
So when the small Hellenistic kingdom of Pergamum in western Asia Minor, under Eumenes II, who ruled from 197 to somewhere around 160 B.