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A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Euphorbiales characterized by dehiscent fruit having more than one seed and by epitropous ovules.



a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are trees, shrubs, and herbs that often contain a milky juice. The leaves are alternate or opposite (rarely verticillate), simple (entire or lobed) or compound, and generally stipulate. The unisexual flowers (the plants are monoecious or dioecious) are in spicate or capitate inflorescences or in cyathia that resemble separate flowers; the flowers are sometimes solitary. The gynoecium consists of three or four connate carpels; less frequently it has one or many (up to 25). The ovary is superior and has three or four cells, each having one or two ovules. The fruit is usually a capsule that opens into nidi when it matures; these separate and scatter the seeds. Sometimes the fruits are juicy drupes or, less frequently, berries.

The family Euphorbiaceae has approximately 3,000 genera, with more than 7,000 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical regions. Many herbaceous species also grow in temperate and moderately cold zones (except the arctic and antarctic). The family has many useful plants, the most significant being several plants of the genera Hevea, Manihot, Ricinus, and Aleurites. A number of species of Baccaurea, Phyllanthus, and Antidesma are cultivated for their edible fruit. Species of Euphorbia, Codiaeum, Jatropha, and other genera are used medicinally. Some species of Euphorbia, Jatropha, and Phyllanthus are cultivated in the tropics and subtropics as ornamentals.


Flora SSSR, vol. 14. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Lynn Clevette-Radford in 1988, studied several species of Euphorbiaceae family [23] accordingly, few findings such as protease presence, temperature and pH stability and nature of enzyme are quite similar to plant proteases.
In fact, the species of Euphorbiaceae that are most closely related to rafflesias, according to the new study, have flowers that are just a tiny fraction of the size of rafflesia blooms.
Composiçáo taxonômica Z o n a II I P1 P2 P1 P2 MAGNOLIOPHYTA AP Alchornea + Annonaceae + + Apocynaceae + + + + Aquifoliaceae (Ilex) + + Arecaceae + + + Bignoniaceae + + Boraginaceae + + Calliandra + Caprifoliaceae (Sambucus) + + Celtis + + Clethraceae + Chloranthaceae + Cunoniaceae + Euphorbiaceae + + + + Dalechampia + Fabaceae + + + Flacourticaceae + + Lauraceae + + + Loranthaceae + + Magnoliaceae + Malvaceae + Meliaceae + + + Mimosaceae + + Moraceae-Urticaceae + + Myrsinaceae (Rapanea) + + + Myrtaceae + + + Sapindaceae + + + Sapotaceae + Solanaceae + + Tiliaceae + + Trema + Ulmaceae + NAP Apiaceae + + Astemceae + + + + Brassicaceae + Cereales (cf.
2" W) on 15 April 2009, and a male was observed feeding at mid-strata in dense foothill forest characterized by 15-25 m canopy height, and dominated by several species of Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Melastomataceae, Myrsinaceae, Clusiaceae, Meliaceae, and Podocarpaceae with scattered Dictiocaryum lamarckianum, Iriartea spp.
These results show that the medicinal plant species most used in the management of SCD belong to the Euphorbiaceae family.
It is a species of flowering plant belonging to the Euphorbiaceae, or spurge, family.
For example, there are 22 genera and 115 known species of the Euphorbiaceae family that are indigenous to the United States.
Effect of stalk and leaf extracts from Euphorbiaceae species on Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae) larvae.
Many Phyllanthus species which are closely related to the genus Margaritaria (both in the Euphorbiaceae family) have been shown to inhibit the growth of human breast, lung, gynaecologic, colon and ovarian (Jia et al.