European Commission


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Related to European Commission: European Parliament, European Council, European Union

European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation, but under the Lisbon Treaty (ratified 2009) its membership will be reduced beginning in 2014. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
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 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
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 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
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 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
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 succeeded Prodi as president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Initially, around 160 Unisys staff will be deployed at European Commission locations in Brussels, Luxembourg and Ispra in Italy.
Etihad Airways, which owns minority stakes in a number of European carriers, has opened its books to the European Commission.
The Enterprise Europe Network can report these concerns, issues and problems on your behalf to the European Commission and offer you information and advice on internal market access.
European Commission sent a reasoned opinion, the last step before a formal complaint to the European Court of Justice is lodged, to Luxembourg for failing to implement the 2003 legislation that calls for common basic standards on aviation security measures at EU airports.
Issued by European Commission in May 2005, the paper outlines the E.
They will exhibit their products at the European IST Prize Exhibition at the European Commission in Brussels on 30 November - 1 December 2005.
The European Commission said the total eligible costs of the investment project comprise about 182.
members of the EU-15 (the United Kingdom, Portugal, Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, Ireland, and partially Spain) and revamped the European Commission into an emerging advocate of supply-side reforms under the leadership of the newly elected European Commission President, Jose Manuel Barroso of Portugal, a close U.
In response to an application from the Swiss firm Syngenta, the European Commission has decided to allow import of genetically modified sweet corn, BT-11.
European Commission to Fund Development Adoption of XBRL
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, said representatives from the European Commission Competition Authorities visited its Pressure Sensitive Materials operation in Belgium on May 25.
Consumer Alert joined ten other transatlantic policy groups on April 12, 2004, in writing an open letter to the European Commission asking the EC to reverse its recent decision to impose heavy fines and penalties on Microsoft.

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