asthma

(redirected from Exercise-induced asthma)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

asthma

(ăz`mə, ăs`–), chronic inflammatory respiratory disease characterized by periodic attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. A cough producing sticky mucus is symptomatic. The symptoms often appear to be caused by the body's reaction to a trigger such as an allergen (commonly pollen, house dust, animal dander: see allergyallergy,
hypersensitive reaction of the body tissues of certain individuals to certain substances that, in similar amounts and circumstances, are innocuous to other persons. Allergens, or allergy-causing substances, can be airborne substances (e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
), certain drugs, an irritant (such as cigarette smoke or workplace chemicals), exercise, or emotional stress. These triggers can cause the asthmatic's lungslungs,
elastic organs used for breathing in vertebrate animals, excluding most fish, which use gills, and a few amphibian species that respire through the skin. The word is sometimes applied to the respiratory apparatus of lower animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to release chemicals that create inflammation of the bronchial lining, constriction, and bronchial spasms. If the effect on the bronchi becomes severe enough to impede exhalation, carbon dioxide can build up in the lungs and lead to unconsciousness and death. Following a steady 30-year decline, asthma deaths in the United States, especially among poor, inner-city blacks and among the elderly, began to rise from the late 1970s through the early 1990s. At the same time, the incidence of asthma also increased, both nationally and worldwide.

There is no cure for asthma. Although the disease may go through a period of quiescence, it appears that childhood asthmatics do not outgrow the disease as previously believed. Treatment includes inhaled or oral steroids or bronchodilators (albuterol, theophylline), breathing exercises, and, if possible, the identification and avoidance of triggers.

asthma

[′az·mə]
(medicine)
A pulmonary disease marked by labored breathing, wheezing, and coughing; cause may be emotional stress, chemical irritation, or exposure to an allergen.

asthma

a respiratory disorder, often of allergic origin, characterized by difficulty in breathing, wheezing, and a sense of constriction in the chest
References in periodicals archive ?
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is a common disorder characterized by bronchospasm resulting from moderate to vigorous exercise.
If you run out of breath early or before your classmates, or if you stay short of breath for awhile after exercising, please see your doctor to rule out exercise-induced asthma.
The exercise-induced asthma attacks started when I was nine," says five-foot-two-inch Katie.
In exercise-induced asthma, bronchial tubes in the lungs constrict.
Don't worry, people with exercise-induced asthma can still exercise
Most asthmatics have airway hyper-irritability that leads to exercise-induced asthma (EIA).
Asthma that is related to exercise is called exercise-induced asthma, and it does not necessarily involve lgE antibodies at all.
His areas of expertise include comprehensive allergic and immunologic disease, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, and exercise-induced asthma.
Formerly, this condition was called exercise-induced asthma.
Eventually she was diagnosed with what was thought to be exercise-induced asthma.
On a hot day don't let your child wear themselves out running about as this could trigger an exercise-induced asthma attack.
A team of experts from Northumbria University have developed a new portable screening technique for exercise-induced asthma and allergies, and several top sports stars have already been tested.

Full browser ?