Exostosis


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Related to Exostosis: osteochondroma

exostosis

[‚ek·sə′tō·səs]
(medicine)
A benign cartilage-capped protuberance from the surface of long bones but also seen on flat bones, caused by chronic irritation as from infection, trauma, or osteoarthritis.

Exostosis

 

a benign bony or bony-cartilaginous growth on the surface of a bone in the form of a linear or round mass. Exostoses develop mainly in males during childhood and adolescence, on the femur, tibia, humerus, and other bones. They cease to enlarge when bone growth ends. They usually do not cause complaints. However, fairly large exostoses compress muscles and nerve trunks, causing pain and hampering movement. The principal means of diagnosing exostoses is by X ray.

Exostoses are removed surgically if symptoms are pronounced or if the exostoses suddenly begin to grow rapidly in adults. Individuals suffering from exostoses are kept under clinical observation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding the radiological follow-up of chronic cutaneous lesions located in the distal parts of 3 animals in the study, the dorsum-palm and lateral-medial projections showed the development or invasion of the underlying tissues compromising bone structures, which were characterized by tissue fibrosis, moderate exostosis, as well as by osteolysis and osteomyelitis in some areas, in agreement with Zaro (20), who reported irregularities in the bone surface with severe erosions and periosteal reactions in chronic pythiosis cases in horses.
Subungual exostosis is a benign bony growth that can cause discomfort by pressing up from the nail bed.
Differential Diagnosis of Onychomycosis in Children (7) * Nail psoriasis * Congenital malalignment of large toenail * Subungual exostosis * Subungual warts * Subungual hematoma * Paronychia secondary to finger sucking * Parakeratosis pustolosa
Radiography may show bone erosion in certain cases, and it is useful in differentiating a glomus tumor from subungual exostosis.
Exostosis of metatarsal and metacarpal bones is a common finding in natural cases of fluorosis in livestock (Swarup and Singh, 1989; Swarup et al.
30) It is important to realize in diagnosing exostosis formation that true lateral radiographs may be insufficient to identify the pathology in many cases.
Many types of nonneoplastic exophytic lesions of bone exist and include marginal osteophytes of degenerative joint disease; reactive lesions, such as subungual exostosis and bizarre parosteal osseous proliferation; and osteochondroma.
Efecto del vendaje neuromuscular sobre el dolor, la exostosis y el hallux valgus.
Gum enlargement due to underlying osseous lesions like Tori, exostosis, Fibrous dysplasia, Central cysts, Central neoplasms (Neurofibroma, Hemangioma, Neurilemmoma, squamous cell carcinoma etc.
Natalie, who lives with husband Nick in Wallasey, suffers from a genetic condition called hereditary multiple exostosis.
Diaphyseal aclasis, also termed Hereditary Multiple Exostosis (HME) or osteochondromatosis is characterised by multiple bony prominences that grow near joint lines throughout the skeleton.