Expressive Function

Expressive Function


one of the functions of a linguistic sign, consisting in the ability to express the speaker’s emotional state and his subjective attitude toward designated objects and phenomena of reality.

Expression can be conveyed through the use of various linguistic elements. Among such elements are interjections, such as akhl (“ah!” conveying surprise, delight, or fright) and okh! (“oh!” conveying dismay, sadness, or pain), and their derivatives akhat’ (“to say ‘ah!’”; “to gasp”), okhat’ (“to say ‘oh!’ “; “to moan”), akhan’e (“gasping”), and okhan’e (“moaning”). Certain grammatical forms can also be used, such as the hypocoristic suffixes -en’k and -ik, as in svezhen’kii ogurchik (“a fresh cucumber”).

Another means of communicating expression is the use of the imperative and subjunctive moods of verbs. The imperative Ukhodi! (“Go away!”) can be more forcefully expressed through the use of the subjunctive Ukhodil by!; the expression can be rendered still stronger through the addition of an emphatic particle: Da ukhodi zhe! Expression can also be achieved through the use of certain expressive words of elevated or low style, such as the literary variants ochi (“eyes”) and vkushat’ (“to eat”) of the neutral equivalents glaza and est’, respectively. Intonation can also serve as a means of conveying expression. In linguistics, the study of expressive function is part of stylistics.


Galkina-Fedoruk, E. M. “Ob ekspressivnosti i emotsional’nosti v iazyke.” In the collection Sbornik statei po iazykoznaniiu: Professoru Moskovskogo universiteta akademiku V. V. Vinogradovu [v den’ ego 60-letiia]. Moscow, 1958.
Bally, C. Frantsuzskaia stilistika. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from French.)
Vinokur, T. G. “O soderzhanii nekotorykh stilisticheskikh poniatii.” In the collection Stilislicheskie issledovaniia: Na materiale sovremennogo russkogo iazyka. Moscow, 1972.
Bühler, K. Sprachtheorie. Jena, 1934.


References in periodicals archive ?
McAdams, The Condorcet Jury Theorem and the Expressive Function of Law: A Theory of Informative Law, 5 Am.
A description of communicative valences of dance may be achieved in terms of Jakobson's language functions: whereas the referential function may be blurred and the poetic function contested by the modern exigencies of authenticity (which undermine the academic code), the expressive function prevails within the semantic structure of the choreographic message.
Here, Smith seems in sympathy with the novel as she describes it: more attentive to the material qualities of the clothes than to their expressive function.
In chat rooms punctuation marks are used primarily in the expressive function.
The expressive function is much more frequent among girls (77% compared to 23%), and the representative function is the same (50%) for both sexes.
A more holistic starting premise is also more realistic for two primary reasons: (1) the longevity of tax expenditures and (2) the expressive function of the tax laws.
The result would be a naturalist account that explains the expressive function of moral talk while also indicating why it takes descriptive form.
A simple cost-benefit analysis ignores the expressive function of such a transaction: that Israel will exchange a thousand men for one is a statementa "speech act," if you willabout how Israel values life and how that sets it apart within its unfortunate part of the world.
Two functions that are traditionally associated with conducting (Bergee, 2005; Boardman, 2000; Chapman, 2008; Manfredo, 2008; Wollner & Auhagen, 2008) were verified: a Mechanical Precision Function and an Expressive Function that serve to communicate different sets of characteristics in the musical score.
The expressive function involves the attitude that the sender, i.
Is one to conclude, from Biasi's argument, that his renunciation of the expressive function was artificial, even self-deluding; at best therapeutic, at worst misguided?
Among their topics are the status of crime victims and witnesses in the 21st century, the costly consequences of populist rhetoric, whether victims at court are necessary accessories or principal players, the expressive function of Victim Impact Statements at sentencing, and whether victim impact at parole is probative or prejudicial.