extortion

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Related to Extortions: extortionist, extortioners

extortion,

in law, unlawful demanding or receiving by an officer, in his official capacity, of any property or money not legally due to him. Examples include requesting and accepting fees in excess of those allowed to him by statute or arresting a person and, with corrupt motives, demanding money or property unlawfully under pretense of duty. The taking of money or property is generally an essential element of the crime. In most states of the United States, extortion is more widely defined to include the obtaining of money or property of another by inducing his consent through wrongful use of fear, force, or authority of office; blackmailblackmail,
in law, exaction of money from another by threat of exposure of criminal action or of disreputable conduct. The term was originally used for the tribute levied until the 18th cent.
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, ransomransom,
price of redemption demanded by the captor of a person, vessel, or city. In ancient times cities frequently paid ransom to prevent their plundering by captors. The custom of ransoming was formerly sanctioned by law.
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, and threatthreat,
in law, declaration of intent to injure another by doing an unlawful act, with a view to restraining his freedom of action. A threat is distinguishable from an assault, for an assault requires some physical act that appears likely to eventuate in violence, whereas a
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 of force are included under this definition.

Extortion

 

in criminal law, a crime against property consisting of the demand to turn over property, or the rights to property, under threat of violence to the individual who controls or guards the property or to persons close to him, as well as under threat of making public damaging information about him or destroying the property. In this case, persons close to the owner include not only relatives but also other citizens who, threatened by violence, could influence the owner. Soviet law establishes criminal responsibility for extortion of state or societal property, as well as private property of citizens (arts. 95 and 148 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and corresponding articles of the Criminal Codes of the other Union republics). Extortion is not covered in the codes of the Kirghiz, Uzbek, or Ukr SSR’s.

As distinct from such crimes as theft and robbery, in extortion the threat of violence is directed toward transferring property to the criminal and not toward overcoming the resistance of the victim; for this reason, when the threat of violence is made and the property is then handed over, the guilty party is responsible for both extortion and theft or extortion and robbery, depending on the nature of the violence.

The threat of exposing damaging information is called blackmail. For the crime of extortion the damaging information can be either real or false and slanderous. For example, according to the criminal codes of the Byelorussian, Kirghiz, and Tadzhik SSR’s, blackmail includes demanding property or the rights to property under the threat of exposing information that the victim wishes to keep secret. Extortion can be the means of committing some other crime, such as bribery.

Extortion of government or societal property is punished by loss of liberty for up to four years; extortion of personal property is punished by imprisonment for up to three years or corrective labor for up to one year.

IU. B. UTEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Since Kidnapping for ransom and extortion falls under the category of terrorism, therefore all such cases are dealt by the Counter Terrorism Department (CTD).
As per the reports these militants groups in these extortion cases are operating from the areas of Laylpura and Purchao in Afghanistan.
The people crimes include assaults, sex offenses, robberies and extortions.
In elementary school districts across the Santa Clarita Valley, some or all had no reported incidents of robbery or extortion, sex offenses, weapons possession, battery, assault with a deadly weapon or homicide.
Justice Secretary Leila de Lima has ordered an investigation into a report of money extortion from Saudi nationals arrested for human trafficking in the Philippines.
A fact-finding committee has been formed to investigate the alleged extortion activities in the wake of a written complaint from the Saudi Embassy in Manila.
MIAMI, July 30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Hazelwood Street Consultants, LLC, a global specialist in resolving kidnap-for-ransom and extortion cases for members of Lloyd's of London, multi-national corporations and private families, has released its Semi-Annual Kidnap for Ransom and Extortion Assessment of 229 countries - HIGHLIGHTING THE 24 MOST DANGEROUS COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD FOR Kidnapping for Ransom and Extortion .
The Assessment concludes that "T he increasing fusion of ideological actors with common criminals, both seeking and dividing money for their activities, is producing marked spikes in Kidnapping for Ransom and Extortion in areas formerly though to be immune from such events.
A woman accused Fauzia and his partner Akram were arrested from Saeedabad for being involved in armed robberies and many case of money extortions.
255, 261 (1992) ("Congress has unquestionably expanded the common-law definition of extortion to include acts by private individuals pursuant to which property is obtained by means of force, fear, or threats.
Similarly, in the year 2015, 67 cases of extortion were reported as compared to 106 cases of extortion reported in corresponding period of 2014 showing a decline of 37%.
In between the months of June and September alone, 30 cases of extortion have been reported in which 41 people have been arrested.