Ezion-geber


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Ezion-geber

(ē`zēŏn-gē`bər) or

Ezion-gaber

(–gā`–) [both: Heb.,=giant's backbone], ancient port, on the Gulf of Aqaba. The site, near AqabaAqaba
, town (1996 est. pop. 52,000), SW Jordan, at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba, on the border with Israel. It is the only Jordanian port with direct access to the Red Sea; it remains the trade entrepôt to Iraq. Phosphates are the chief export.
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, is now some distance from the shore, which is advancing. The Bible reveals the existence of a port there from the reign of Solomon to at least that of Uzziah in the 8th cent. B.C. (Num. 33.35,36; Deut. 2.8; 1 Kings 9.26; 22.48; 2 Chron. 8.17). Excavations were carried out (1938–40) under American auspices. The largest copper refineries ever found to have existed in the ancient world were unearthed at the level of the oldest of the five periods of settlement. Trade relations existed with Phoenicia, Arabia, Egypt, Sinai, and Greece (5th cent. B.C.). Nearby was the ancient port of ElatElat
or Eilat
[Heb.,=trees], city (1994 pop. 35,700), S Israel, a port on the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. It is strategically located near the Sinai peninsula, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia and is Israel's gateway to Africa and East Asia.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Some two centuries later, King Jehoshaphat of Judah tried to revive the Red Sea-Indian Ocean trade, but the venture failed before the fleet was even aweigh: Jehoshaphat built Tarshish ships to sail to Ophir for gold, but he did not set sail for the ships were wrecked at Ezion-geber (I Kg.
King Solomon also built a fleet of ships at Ezion-geber, that is near Elath on the shore of the Red Sea in the land of Edom.