Front de Libération du Québec

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Front de Libération du Québec

(FLQ) (frôN də lēbĕräsyôN` dü kābĕk`), Canadian separatist group formed in the 1960s to bring about the independence of Quebec, which has a French heritage, from the rest of Canada, which has a primarily British tradition. Using public demonstrations and terrorist activities, the FLQ attracted considerable attention. In 1970 members of the organization, demanding release of separatist prisoners, kidnapped a British official and the Canadian minister of labor; the latter was murdered. Their action persuaded Prime Minister Trudeau to institute martial law for six months.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clearly, the Canadian military's interest in Quebec coincided more with the creation of the PQ and its rise to power (1968-76) than the FLQ terrorist organisation (1963-72).
The FLQ terrorists who kidnapped Pierre Laporte were not armed with machine guns.
In the fall of 1970, FLQ terrorists kidnapped the British Trade Commissioner in Quebec, James Cross, and Quebec's Labour Minister Pierre Laporte.