Fortran


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Fortran: Fortran compiler, COBOL

FORTRAN:

see programming languageprogramming language,
syntax, grammar, and symbols or words used to give instructions to a computer. Development of Low-Level Languages

All computers operate by following machine language programs, a long sequence of instructions called machine code that is
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Fortran

 

a programming language; more precisely, a family of such languages that evolved from the original version developed in 1957 in the USA under the supervision of J. W. Backus. The name derives from “formula translation,” referring to the translation of programs written in FORTRAN into machine language. FORTRAN contains statements for assignment, conditions, cyclic operation, subroutines, storage allocation, and real and complex variables, which may have logical, integer, real, or complex values; it also includes highly developed statements for input-output. FORTRAN is the most widely used programming language for scientific and engineering calculations. The language’s specifications are fixed in several national and international standards.

REFERENCES

Pervin, Iu. A. Osnovy FORTRANa, Moscow, 1972.
Germain, C. Programmirovanie na IBM/360, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1973. (Translated from English.)
Fortran (programming textbook). Kiev, 1976.
American Standard FORTRAN: Approved March 7, 1966. New York, 1966.

FORTRAN

[′fȯr‚tran]
(computer science)
A family of procedure-oriented languages used mostly for scientific or algebraic applications; derived from formula translation.

Fortran

(language)
(Formula Translation) The first and, for a long time, the most widely used programming language for numerical and scientific applications. The original versions lacked recursive procedures and block structure and had a line-oriented syntax in which certain columns had special significance.

There have been a great many versions.

The name is often written "FORTRAN", harking back to the days before computers were taught about lower case, but ANSI decreed, in about 1985 via the ANSI FORTRAN Technical Committee TC, that it should be "Fortran".

See also: Fortrash.

FORTRAN

(FORmula TRANslator) The first high-level programming language and compiler, developed in 1954 by IBM. It was originally designed to express mathematical formulas, and although it has been used for business applications, it is primarily used for scientific, engineering and mathematical problems. FORTRAN IV is an ANSI standard, but FORTRAN V has various proprietary versions. The following FORTRAN example converts Fahrenheit to Celsius:

   write(6,*) 'Enter Fahrenheit '
   read(5,*) XFAHR
   XCENT = (XFAHR - 32) * 5 / 9
   write(6,*) 'Celsius is ', XCENT
   stop
   end
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the major inefficiencies in FORTRAN 90/95 is the use of pointers in lieu of direct addresses to data.
Therefore, the introduction of allocatable components supports FORTRAN 2002's goal of creating efficient numeric code.
In half a day, I've acomplished in Mathcad what might require a month's work in FORTRAN," said Hugo.
While some users of commercially available math software are looking to find a replacement for FORTRAN programming, other engineering firms with sufficient resources prefer the versatility of developing their own applications.
David Liu, associate engineer and technical director of IAI, said commercial math packages are not as effective as the FORTRAN programs the company develops itself.