Facetia

Facetia

 

a humorous anecdote; an urban literary genre that was particularly popular during the Renaissance and that satirized the nobility and clergy.

The first writer of facetiae is considered to be the Italian humanist Poggio Bracciolini (15th century), whose collection of facetiae in Latin was translated into a number of European languages and inspired imitations by H. Bebel and N. Frischlin. A collection of facetiae was published in Poland in the 16th century and went through many editions. In the late 17th century it was translated into Russian and circulated in Russia in manuscript copies; it was soon supplemented by original Russian tales and by short stories from other translated collections. In the 18th century some of the tales from this collection of facetiae were incorporated in N. G. Kurganov’s Pis’movnik (1769), the first popular Russian encyclopedia. They were also used by fabulists, and later became part of lubok literature and folktales.

TEXTS AND REFERENCES

Bracciolini, Poggio. Fatsetii. Introductory article by A. K. Dzhivelegov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Fatsetsii: Perevodnaia novella v russkoi literature XVII v. Compiled, edited, and with a foreword by O. A. Derzhavina. Moscow, 1962.
Bebel, H. Fatsetii. Afterword by Iu. M. Kagan. Moscow, 1970.
Dawna facecja polska (XVI-XVIII). Warsaw, 1960.

O. A. DERZHAVINA

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Le bref Bel parlare ne mentionne que les elements absolument necessaires pour la comprehension du recit; la forme humaniste et erudite, la facetia, profite de la concision de la langue latine pour aiguiser la pointe du bon mot, le motto couronne un recit diligemment oriente dans ses actants et leurs actions vers le mot d'esprit final.