Faeroese


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Faeroese

, Faroese
the chief language of the Faeroes, closely related to Icelandic, although they are not mutually intelligible

Faeroese

 

a people, the principal population of the Faeroe Islands. The Faeroese number 35,000 people (1975, estimate) on the islands and 5,000 in other parts of Denmark. They speak the Faeroese language. Believers are Lutherans. The Faeroese are descendants of Vikings, who settled on the islands in the ninth and tenth centuries. Their chief occupation is fishing; the traditional occupation, from the time of Viking settlement, is sheep raising. Other occupations are farming, the catching of seabirds and whaling. The Faeroese have preserved the traditional dwellings, clothing, and utensils.

REFERENCES

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
Anokhin, G. I. Na ostrovakh dozhdei. Moscow, 1966.

Faeroese

 

the language of the Faeroese people, who inhabit the Faeroe Islands, an autonomous region of Denmark. Since 1938, Faeroese has been the official language of the Faeroe Islands; it is spoken by more than 35,000 people (1975, estimate).

Faeroese derives from the language of the Norsemen who emigrated from southwestern Norway and colonized the Faeroe Islands in the ninth and tenth centuries. It belongs to the northern, or Scandinavian, group of Germanic languages and most nearly resembles Icelandic and the western Norwegian dialects. Like Icelandic, it differs from other Scandinavian languages in its archaic morphology. The lexicon has been strongly influenced by Danish. Until the early 19th century, Faeroese remained an unwritten language; the earliest records of Faeroese are folk ballads written down in the late 18th century. In 1846, V. U. Hammer-shaimb developed an orthography based on the Latin alphabet. Faeroese was first taught in the schools in the early 20th century.

REFERENCES

Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Istoriia skandinavskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Lockwood, W. B. An Introduction to Modern Faroese. Copenhagen, 1955.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
The relentless hostility of Faeroese nature leads to gloomy self-absorption.
23 February 2010 - Nordea has cut its share price target and maintained its "sell" rating on Faeroese company P/F Atlantic Petroleum (CPH: FO-ATLA) ahead of the latter's financial report for 2009, due for release on 26 February 2010.
29 December 2009 - Faeroese P/F Foroya Banki (CPH:FO-BANK) said yesterday it agreed to issue an unsubordinated bond of DKK500m, maturing on 30 November 2012.
6 October 2009 - Faeroese P/F Foroya Banki (CPH: FO-BANK) said Monday it bought 51% in Icelandic insurance company Vordur Tryggingar hf for ISK1.
2 October 2009 - Faeroese company P/F Atlantic Petroleum (CPH: FO-ATLA) said Thursday it plans to raise up to DKK188m in a rights issue.
21 August 2009 - Faeroese company P/F Atlantic Petroleum (CPH: FO-ATLA) expects lower oil production for 2009 than initially estimated due to a delayed start-up of the Ettrick field in the North Sea, the company said in its interim report today.
5 August 2009 - Faeroese commercial bank P/F Foroya Banki (CPH: FO-BANK) swung to a net profit of DKK71.
5 August 2009 - Faeroese P/F Foroya Banki (CPH: FO-BANK) is still seeking to make acquisitions in Denmark, CEO Janus Petersen said today after the commercial bank swung to profit in the first half of 2009.
FIH Erhvervsbank A/S also stays on review for a downgrade, Moody's added, while confirming the ratings on Danske Bank A/S (CPH: DANSKE) and on Faeroese P/F Foroya Banki (CPH: FO-BANK).
Icelandic-listed, Faeroese oil company Atlantic Petroleum is considering a dual listing on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange (CSE), chief executive Wilhelm Petersen told Icelandic Financial News (IFN) on Wednesday (26 July).
The Iceland-listed Faeroese oil company P/F Atlantic Petroleum said on Monday (3 April) that a contract has been signed for the development and production from the Ettrick Oil Field.