(Case Yellow), the code name of fascist Germany’s plan for blitzkrieg in France in 1940. It was first worked out in October 1939, after the completion of the German-Polish War of 1939. Its main points were set forth in Hitler’s directives (No. 6 of Oct. 9, No. 7 of Oct. 18, and No. 8 of Nov. 20, 1939). The final version was reflected in the Feb. 24, 1940, directive of the High Command of the ground forces.
Fall Gelb provided for an offensive of the main forces of the fascist German troops (two army groups, composed of five armies, and panzer groups with the support of two air forces) along a front from the North Sea to the southern borders of Luxembourg through the territories of the neutral states of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The direction of the main thrust was to be south of Liège-Charleroi. The plan included forcing the Meuse River at Dinant and Sedan, subsequently advancing the main groupings to the lower reaches of the Somme River, routing the Anglo-French troops, and successfully completing the war in the West. The offensive was planned to start on Nov. 12, 1939, but then the timetables of the offensive were postponed 29 times. To carry out the plan the German command by May 10, 1940, deployed an army grouping composed of three army groups (A, B, and C) supported by two air forces (the Second and the Third). These grouping totaled 135.5 divisions including ten panzer and six motorized divisions, 2,580 tanks, and 3,834 aircraft. Fall Gelb was carried out in the course of the French campaign of 1940.
I. M. GLAGOLEV