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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
The commission's so-called "solutions" offer only false hopes to Native and non-Natives, and will only serve to divide us further rather than unite us under the proud title: Canadians.
He claims the Government's flagship scheme, known as Portas Pilots, was giving false hope.
I empathise with the issues they are facing and while I do not want to give false hope by making promises in relation to reviews of provision of assistance, which is a matter for the Department of Work and Pensions, I have agreed to relay their ongoing concerns to the pensions minister, Steve Webb, and to continue discussions on the matter.
If we could accurately predict when further disease-directed therapy would be futile, we clearly would want to spare the patient the toxicity and false hope associated with such treatment, as well as the expense.
It is alleged that the hacking of Ms Dowler's phone led to complications in the police investigation and gave false hope to relatives and friends of Ms Dowler after her disappearance but before the discovery of her body.
The son of Bob Morton, whose father is actively supporting the SOS bid, said: "I don't want to get carried away, nor give anyone else false hope, but the political support is significant, and you have to credit what Ricky [Holloway] and Barrie [Clegg] have done.
David Holloway, Alan Winstanley and Tom Evans fired Dyrny into a 3-0 lead before two quickfire strikes from Jason Jones and Carwyn Williams gave the hosts false hope.
Did they only borrow that machine for the benefit of giving us all false hope and impressing us?
But it turned out to be a false hope, and now Kenny has gone and Dunfermline are once again locked in a struggle to beat the drop - this time to the icy wasteland of the Second Division.
Until Maddie has been found, people shouldn't give false hope.
Years of frustration and false hope culminated in an operation in 1981 that allowed him to play with both hands, but only temporarily, as it turned out.
XXX' domain proposal is an effort to pander to the porn industry and offers nothing but false hope to an American public which wants illegal pornographers prosecuted, not rewarded.