Family Law

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Family Law


the branch of Soviet law that regulates personal and property relations among husbands, wives, children, and other family members. Family relations are by law separate and independent of nonfamily property and personal relations, which are regulated by civil or other law. In family law, as opposed to civil law, many nonproperty relations are determining and property relations are derivative.

The objectives of family law are, among others, to strengthen the family based on the principles of communist morality; to build family relations on a voluntary marital union between a man and a woman, on feelings of mutual love, friendship, and respect among all family members without pecuniary considerations; to bring up children in a manner fully consistent with social upbringing, in a spirit of devotion to the homeland and with a communist attitude toward work; to protect the interests and rights of mothers and children by all possible means; and to ensure a happy childhood for every child.

The system of family law has a general part and a special part. The general part defines the subject matter and method of family-law regulation, the legal subjects and objects of family law, the rights and duties of family members, and family legal relations. The special part deals with several fundamental institutions—marriage, family, the rights and duties of spouses, the rights and duties of parents and children, the termination of marriage, adoption, and guardianship and curatorship over minors.

The fundamental principles of Soviet family law were laid down in the early legislative acts of the Soviet Republic. They include complete equality of man and woman in questions of marriage and family, state aid to the family, monogamy, and the exercise of parental rights exclusively in the best interests of children.

Family relations are regulated by the Basic Principles of Legislation on Marriage and the Family of the USSR and Union Republics, which were passed by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on June 27, 1968, and which came into force on Oct. 1, 1968; they are also regulated by the Union republics’ codes on marriage and the family, which were adopted in 1969 and 1970 on the basis of the Basic Principles.

In other socialist countries, family law is also evolving as an independent branch of law.

In bourgeois states, family relations are regulated by civil legislation and, accordingly, are considered a part of civil law.


Riasentsev, V. A. Semeinoepravo. Moscow, 1971.
Vorozheikin, E. M. Semeinye pravootnosheniia v SSSR. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Entreaties too many elders not to leave family litigation as a painful legacy for the next generation more often than not fall on deaf ears.
There are often cases where the council can see that a case will eventually go to London, for example, where the case involves novel or complex issues such as judicial reviews or public inquiries, which tend to be more expensive that general or family litigation issues.
The overriding objective is to give a new ethos to family litigation.
When Edward passed away in 1956--with no succession plan in place--the result was what Bob refers to as "horrendous family litigation.
It says: "We have vast experience of dealing with negotiation settlements, drafting agreements and all aspects of family litigation.
Goodblatt mediates indigent cases for both Seminole and Orange counties, and hopes that the extension of these services to more needy families will reduce the tension inherent in family litigation.
Burwell had the good fortune to work with the African manuscript before it was closed to scholars by family litigation.
Nonetheless, in time he was ready to move on and in 1985 he went to Anthony Collins Solicitors to be a partner and began to specialise in family litigation.
The book includes excellent discussions of the automatic stay and nonbankruptcy litigation such as family litigation or landlord/tenant actions.
Meanwhile, Jassim Al Makki, Head of the Family Counselling Section -- RAK Courts, said husbands' failure to provide a suitable house, renew furniture, pay the due monthly maintenance, as well as a child's custody still tops the list of reasons behind family litigations in the emirate, since the section was opened seven years ago.
According to a senior official here, the Family Counselling Section of the RAK Courts has attended to 4,321 family litigations this year so far.