care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Hospital leaders worldwide understand the link between accommodation and family-centered care.
Family-centered care was associated with lower odds of a time burden only for arranging care (AOR = 0.
Family-centered care is a health care delivery framework consisting of interrelated principles and practices that recognize the central importance of family members in an individual's health and well-being (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2012; Johnson, 2000; Johnson et al.
The definition and principles of family-centered care may change according to the diversity of perception of family and family functioning.
Therefore, it is of vital importance that all educators who interact with patients and families embrace the core principles of Patient and Family-Centered Care regardless of the setting as we strive for patient safety and improved outcomes.
The level of environmental, structural and procedural process for family-centred care are measured by the raft of very good questionnaires available from the Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care in America (2011), However, these tools do not measure actual perceptions about family-centred care held by parents and staff.
That brings us to the issue of patient- and family-centered care.
So this past year, I tried to live and contribute to those values by getting to the second round of interviews for the Nominating Committee, giving two chapter presentations with Clareen Wiencek titled "Reclaiming Our Priorities: Patient- and Family-Centered Care in the ICU" and "Reclaiming Our Priorities: Our Students, Our Futures," and conducting IRB-approved research on the "No Interruption Zone" in two ICUs at my hospital; subsequently my creative solutions poster abstract, "The No Interruption Zone," was accepted for NTI 2008.
In the study, parent-reported family-centered care was associated with 42 percent fewer nonurgent ED visits for publicly insured children and 49 percent fewer visits for children age 2 years and younger.
Music therapy and family-centered care with hospitalized infants and children.
The foundation of family-centered care is the partnership between families and professionals.
A Vermont Children 's Hospital at Fletcher Allen Health Care and Department of Pediatrics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont; b Sunnybrook and Women 's College Health Sciences Centre and Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; c Joe DiMaggio Children 's Hospital, Hollywood, Florida; d Institute for Family-Centered Care, Bethesda, Maryland

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