Fanny Burney


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Related to Fanny Burney: Jane Austen

Burney, Fanny,

later

Madame D'Arblay

(därblā`), 1752–1840, English novelist, daughter of Charles BurneyBurney, Charles,
1726–1814, English music historian, composer, and organist. His General History of Music (1776–89; 2d ed. 1935) was one of the first important music histories in English.
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, the composer, organist, and music scholar. Although she received no formal education, she read prodigiously and had the benefit of conversation with her father's famous friends, including David GarrickGarrick, David,
1717–79, English actor, manager, and dramatist. He was indisputably the greatest English actor of the 18th cent., and his friendships with Diderot, Samuel Johnson, Oliver Goldsmith, and other notables who made up "The Club" resulted in detailed records of
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, Sir Joshua ReynoldsReynolds, Sir Joshua,
1723–92, English portrait painter, b. Devonshire. Long considered historically the most important of England's painters, by his learned example he raised the artist to a position of respect in England.
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, and Samuel Crisp. Her first novel and best-known book, Evelina (1778), was published anonymously, but she soon acknowledged its authorship and achieved literary prominence. She became an intimate friend of Samuel JohnsonJohnson, Samuel,
1709–84, English author, b. Lichfield. The leading literary scholar and critic of his time, Johnson helped to shape and define the Augustan Age. He was equally celebrated for his brilliant and witty conversation.
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 and his circle. Her second novel, Cecilia, appeared in 1782, Camilla in 1796, and The Wanderer in 1814. The theme of Burney's books is the entry into society of a virtuous but inexperienced young girl, her mistakes, and her gradual coming of age. She spent five unhappy years (1786–91) as a member of Queen Charlotte's household. In 1793 she married General D'Arblay, a French émigré. Her voluminous journals and letters give an excellent account of English culture and society from 1768 to 1840.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Hahn (1950) and C. Harman (2001); studies by M. E. Adelstein (1969), T. G. Wallace, ed. (1984), and K. Straub (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
Fanny Burney comes as close as any, in her description of her mastectomy:
Daugherty, Tracy Edgar 1988: Narrative Techniques in the Novels of Fanny Burney.
Fanny Burney wrote, "his mouth is continually opening and shutting, as if he were chewing something; he has a singular method of twirling his fingers, and twisting his hands: his vast body is in constant agitation, seesawing backwards and forwards: his feet are never a moment quiet; and his whole great person looked often as if it were going to roll itself, quite voluntarily, from his chair to the floor.
Women writers also under review in this work include Maria Edgeworth, Fanny Burney, and Mary Shelley.
The diarist Fanny Burney in 1782 quoted a Dr Lyster who said: 'The whole of this unfortunate business has been the result of Pride and Prejudice.
It was alleged that she presided over 'the dullest Court in Europe', but she loved gossip and was gay and good humoured with those who knew her, such as Mrs Delany, Fanny Burney and her confidante and correspondent of forty years, Lady Harcourt.
The third chapter in this section examines Austen's style and ideologies in relation to the major novels of Fanny Burney.
But Fanny Burney (Cecilia) has distinguished politeness and the poet Rowe (Ulysses) distinguished hatred; the French letter-ending sentiments distinguees might also play a part.
Erudite notes and an entertaining introduction by Alyson Price, archivist at the British Institute in Florence, inform us that Julia was related to the great Fanny Burney.
Maletzke likes to describe settings and incidents in painstaking detail--colors are important, the shades of green Fanny Burney wears exclusively, for example, and so are odors, reminiscences of an ancient cat that linger forever in the house he once occupied.
Though the brilliant, volcanic figure of Johnson moves (better, perhaps, stalks) throughout Clarke's pages, the focus of the work rests on the women themselves: Elizabeth Carter, Elizabeth Montagu, Charlotte Lennox, Hester Thrale, Hannah More, and Fanny Burney.
Novelist Fanny Burney was scandalised and determined to find out the truth about the parentage of Caro, Bess's illegitimate daughter, who was passed off as a child adopted in France.