fat substitute


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fat substitute,

substance used to replace dietary fat in the manufacture of foods. Fat substitutes are made in a variety of ways, mostly by manipulating natural food products such as egg whites, whey, and oats. Fat substitutes try to mimic the texture and flavor of fat while providing fewer calories and less metabolizable fat. The dietary consequences of consuming fat substitutes are under scrutiny.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A new study showed that synthetic fat substitutes used in low-calorie potato chips and other foods could backfire and contribute to weight gain and obesity.
The next additive to assault our intestines was Procter & Gamble's fat substitute olestra (which P&G recently sold to a smaller company).
By some accounts, Procter & Gamble's fat substitute olestra (brand name Olean) (1) is a dangerous food additive that can "cause diarrhea and cramps and that can increase your risk of heart disease, cancer, and blindness" (Jacobson, 1998, p.
The most recent example is in salty snacks, where products incorporating Olestra, the fat substitute developed by Procter & Gamble Co.
EATING crisps containing the fat substitute Olestra, designed for slimmers, can speed up the removal of toxins from the body, say German researchers.
The launch of a lower fat version of Pringles in the UK is the most public sign Procter & Gamble has abandoned any plans to introduce its Olestra fat substitute in Europe.
Unlike Olestra, Orlistat is not a fat substitute that passes through the intestinal tract, explains Eric Colman, MEd, from the Food and Drug Administration.
For toppings, she advises swapping traditional mozzarella for a low fat substitute and using vegetables and low fat ham rather than spicy beef, pepperoni and salami.
Oatrim is a powdered, soluble oat fiber that an ARS researcher in Peoria, Illinois, originally developed as a natural, low-calorie fat substitute in foods.
Not only is the safety standard for such additives higher than that for supplements, but FDA must pre-approve any additive before it is sold--as it did the fat substitute olestra 2 years ago (SN: 2/3/96, p.
They include the manufacture of isolutrol, a compound found in the gall bladder of sharks that helps to prevent acne, a skin polar probe for melanoma detection, investigations into the bat lyssavirus, and the use of whey as a high-protein fat substitute in cold meat products.
Lycopene absorption is also hindered by soluble fiber and cholesterol-binding resins used to lower serum cholesterol--and, of course, by the fat substitute olestra.