Fath Ali Shah

Fath Ali Shah

(fäth älē` shä`, fät), also spelled Feth Ali Shah, 1762–1834, shah of Persia (1797–1834), nephew and successor of Aga Muhammad KhanAga Muhammad Khan
or Agha Muhammad Khan
, 1742–97, shah of Persia, founder of the Qajar dynasty. He was emasculated by family enemies at the age of five. He was vigorous and able, but his cruelty is proverbial.
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, founder of the Qajar dynasty. Most of his reign was spent in internal and external warfare. He managed to maintain himself against other claimants to the throne but was not so fortunate in his wars with Russia. He sought to enlist aid from Napoleon, who was then contemplating an attack on India, but the shah's hopes were dashed when Napoleon signed the Treaty of Tilsit (1807) with Russia. Fath Ali subsequently turned to England, but English influence failed to protect Persia from Russian encroachments. The shah's attempt to reconquer Georgia proved disastrous, and the Treaty of GulistanGulistan, Treaty of
, 1813, signed by Russia and Iran (Persia) at Gulistan, a village in what is now NW Azerbaijan. It ended the Russo-Persian war that had begun in 1804. Persia ceded the khanates forming the present-day state of Azerbaijan and renounced its claim on Georgia and Dagestan.
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 (1813) and the Treaty of TurkmanchaiTurkmanchai, Treaty of
, 1828, agreement signed by Russia and Persia at the village of Turkmanchai (Torkaman), East Azerbaijan prov., NW Iran. It concluded the Russo-Persian war that had begun in 1825 and forced Persia to cede part of Persian Armenia to Russia and to grant
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 (1828) deprived Persia of the Caucasus and marked a downward trend in Persian power.

Fath Ali Shah

 

(real name Baba Khan). Born 1766 (1771 according to some sources); died Oct. 24, 1834; buried in Qom. Shah of Iran from 1797; representative of the Qajar dynasty.

During the rule of Fath Ali Shah, Iran, weakened by internecine feudal strife, became an object of colonial expansion for the European capitalist powers and tsarist Russia. Fath Ali Shah concluded unequal agreements with France (1807), Great Britain (1801, 1809, 1814), and Russia (1813, 1828).

References in periodicals archive ?
The czar then sent Griboyedov, who had learned Persian earlier in his life, to Tehran as ambassador to the court of Fath Ali Shah.
In the vicinity of this garden, several monarchs such as Shah Safi, Shah Soleiman, Shah Tahmasb, Shah Abbas, Karim Khan Zand and Fath Ali Shah have all contributed to the repair or making addition to the structures on the premises.
Summary: Encounter of a Kurd and the King of Iran, Fath Ali Shah the Qajar
In the turbulent period after the extinction of the Safavid until coming to power Fath Ali Shah, naturally there was no opportunity for growth and development literature and in this period no poet did not open lip To speak to the extent that this period should be considered poorest eras in Iranian literature [7].
When Qajar began to rule Iran in 1813, Iranian King Fath Ali Shah Qajar lost the war against the Russians and he had to sign a treaty with them on two separate occasions.
Fath Ali Shah, the second shah of Persia's Qajar Dynasty, sent portraits of himself to foreign powers in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Sarah Shahi, a 19-year-old descendant of Fath Ali Shah, is one of 29 Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders for 1999-2000 and the cover girl for the group's new calendar.
1881), the forty-sixth Nizari imam, who had originally received the honorific title of Aga Khan from the contemporary Qajar monarch of Persia, Fath Ali Shah.
Fath Ali Shah aimed to establish his reputation among the ulama as that of a pious sovereign by embellishing and repairing shrines and constructing mosques.
The same was built by Haj Aqa Bozorg Monajem Bashi during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar, and was the old route from Lahijan to Langerood.
The best known of the artworks is an often-reproduced painting of Fath Ali Shah, the second shah of the Qajar Dynasty who ruled from 1797 to 1834.
IN EARLY 1828, DURING RUSSO-PERSIAN NEGOTIATIONS for the conclusion of the Turkamanchay peace treaty, Mirza Abul-qasim Qaim-maqam Farahani, minister to the crown prince Abbas Mirza, was despatched to Tehran to persuade Fath Ali Shah to pay from the royal treasury the ruinously large war reparations required by the victorious Russians as a precondition to signing the treaty.