Fath Ali Shah
Fath Ali Shah(fäth älē` shä`, fät), also spelled Feth Ali Shah, 1762–1834, shah of Persia (1797–1834), nephew and successor of Aga Muhammad KhanAga Muhammad Khan
or Agha Muhammad Khan
, 1742–97, shah of Persia, founder of the Qajar dynasty. He was emasculated by family enemies at the age of five. He was vigorous and able, but his cruelty is proverbial.
..... Click the link for more information. , founder of the Qajar dynasty. Most of his reign was spent in internal and external warfare. He managed to maintain himself against other claimants to the throne but was not so fortunate in his wars with Russia. He sought to enlist aid from Napoleon, who was then contemplating an attack on India, but the shah's hopes were dashed when Napoleon signed the Treaty of Tilsit (1807) with Russia. Fath Ali subsequently turned to England, but English influence failed to protect Persia from Russian encroachments. The shah's attempt to reconquer Georgia proved disastrous, and the Treaty of GulistanGulistan, Treaty of
, 1813, signed by Russia and Iran (Persia) at Gulistan, a village in what is now NW Azerbaijan. It ended the Russo-Persian war that had begun in 1804. Persia ceded the khanates forming the present-day state of Azerbaijan and renounced its claim on Georgia and Dagestan.
..... Click the link for more information. (1813) and the Treaty of TurkmanchaiTurkmanchai, Treaty of
, 1828, agreement signed by Russia and Persia at the village of Turkmanchai (Torkaman), East Azerbaijan prov., NW Iran. It concluded the Russo-Persian war that had begun in 1825 and forced Persia to cede part of Persian Armenia to Russia and to grant
..... Click the link for more information. (1828) deprived Persia of the Caucasus and marked a downward trend in Persian power.
Fath Ali Shah
(real name Baba Khan). Born 1766 (1771 according to some sources); died Oct. 24, 1834; buried in Qom. Shah of Iran from 1797; representative of the Qajar dynasty.
During the rule of Fath Ali Shah, Iran, weakened by internecine feudal strife, became an object of colonial expansion for the European capitalist powers and tsarist Russia. Fath Ali Shah concluded unequal agreements with France (1807), Great Britain (1801, 1809, 1814), and Russia (1813, 1828).