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Faunus(fôn`əs), in Roman religion, woodland deity, protector of herds and crops. He was identified with the Greek PanPan
, in Greek religion and mythology, pastoral god of fertility. He was worshiped principally in Arcadia, and one legend states that he was the son of Hermes, another Arcadian god. Pan was supposed to make flocks fertile; when he did not, his image was flogged to stimulate him.
..... Click the link for more information. . His festival was observed on Dec. 5 with dancing and merrymaking. Another festival, the LupercaliaLupercalia
, ancient Roman festival held annually on Feb. 15. The ceremony of the festival was intended to secure fertility and keep out evil. Two male youths, clad in animal skin, ran around the city slapping passersby with strips of goat skin.
..... Click the link for more information. , held in February, is also generally believed to have been in honor of him. He was attended by fauns—mischievous and sportive creatures, half man and half goat, similar to satyrssatyr
, in Greek mythology, part bestial, part human creature of the forests and mountains. Satyrs were usually represented as being very hairy and having the tails and ears of a horse and often the horns and legs of a goat.
..... Click the link for more information. . The female counterpart of Faunus was Bona DeaBona Dea
, in Roman religion, ancient fertility goddess worshiped only by women; also called Fauna. She was said to be the daughter, sister, or wife of Faunus. No man could be present at her annual festival in May.
..... Click the link for more information. , also called Fauna.