fausse-braye


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fausse-braye

In the Middle Ages, a secondary fortification; usually consists of a continuous rampart and parapet placed in front of the main rampart.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Civitates show no wall or even fausse-braye at the foot of the east facade, and seventeenth-century views suggest that the latter rose flush with the curtain wall of the qasba (later east curtain of the citadel) even after the 1560s modernization.
between the fausse-braye and the main curtain wall.
A good idea of how the barreira/fausse-braye would have looked in relation to the walls of Alcacer Seguer can be gleaned from Duarte de Armas' Livro das fortalezas--standard fausse-brayes indeed surround the enceintes of Castelo Rodrigo, Moura (on whose ground plan the fausse-braye is explicitly identified as a barreira', "esta bareyra tem d'altura a lugares 7 varas e a lugares 8 varas"), Monsaraz ("esta bareyra tem d'altura 4 varas"), Campo Maior, Arronches, Monforte ("esta bareyra tem d'altura 6 varas"), Nisa ("altura da bareyra 3 varas"), Castelo Branco, Penha Garcia ("esta bareyra tem d'altura 3 varas 1 p"), Sabugal ("esta bareyra tem d'altura 6 varas 1 p"), Eivas ("muyto booa bareyra & caua"), Lapela ("altura desta bareyra he 4 varas"), and others.
64) There is no evidence, however, that any of the main gates were shattered by artillery, a rather spectacular event the chronicles presumably would not have failed to highlight--only the fausse-braye was laboriously penetrated by the Portuguese forces by the evening of Tuesday, 17 October 1458.
The existence of the fausse-braye along the northern facade of Alcacer is documented in Chapter 52, dealing with Rodrigo Afonso's sortie against a Muslim retrenchment on the praia, very probably near the area of the future couraca (which had not been built yet--the events are those of the first winter counter-siege), in Chapters 54 and 55, which describe breaches made by assailants in the barreira "da parte do mar", as well as in Chapter 59.
75) It is on this side of Alcacer, as well as along the southern frontage, that the fausse-braye was replaced, possibly as early as 1502 but more probably after 1511, (76) by the wet ditch featured in the Redman plan of Portuguese Alcacer.
Finding remnants of the southern and eastern segments of the fausse-braye might naturally be quite difficult, given the already mentioned likelihood that Francisco Danzilho reused part of the barreira stones to line the wet ditch.
What was, by comparison, the status of the western stretch of the batreira, the one found by the archaeologists and tentatively identified at the time as a second couracai The 1509 "Regimento das obras" attests that at the end closest to the old Sea Gate (Bab al-bahr) the fausse-braye was still intact.
It jutted beyond the fausse-braye wall and toward Rio Canhete no more than 22.
87) During the first two Muslim counter-sieges (1458-9), the sections of fausse-braye and wall between the Porta de Fez and the Porta de Ceuta were heavily exposed to Moroccan gunfire and attempted assaults.
Alcacer's castle barreira started from a section of the old outer fausse-braye next to the Bab al-bahr, cut straight through the town's curtain wall in the direction of the governor's pig pen (curral dos porcos), and then turned east (roughly but not quite in the direction of the church of S.
Like a fausse-braye, it constituted the first line of the castelo" s town-side defence.