Federal Republic of Germany


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Soviet-German (Federal Republic of Germany) Agreements

 

Diplomatic relations between the USSR and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) were established on Sept. 13, 1955. A consular treaty and an agreement on general questions of trade and navigation were concluded on Apr. 25, 1958. In the Treaty of Aug. 12, 1970, the USSR and the FRG pledged to promote the normalization of the situation in Europe, to settle disputes exclusively through peaceful means, and to refrain from the threat of force or the use of force; the parties also declared that they have no territorial claims against anyone and would not pose such claims in the future. The treaty established the principle of the inviolability of the frontiers of all European states as of the day of the signature of the treaty. In view of the bitter opposition of reactionary circles of the FRG, the treaty did not become effective until June 3, 1972.

In a communique of Sept. 19, 1971, the countries concluded that a continuous expansion of mutually advantageous ties is possible and announced an accord on creating a joint commission on economic, scientific, and technical cooperation. Several agreements were signed during summit meetings of May 18–22, 1973, including agreements on developing economic, industrial, and technical cooperation (May 19, 1973) and on cultural cooperation.

In a joint declaration of May 21, 1973, the countries noted the considerable progress that had been achieved toward the easing of tension in Europe and emphasized the importance of the treaties of the USSR, the Polish People’s Republic, and the German Democratic Republic with the FRG and of the four-power agreement on West Berlin of Sept. 3, 1971. The expansion of business relations led to the signing of long-term guidelines for the development of economic, industrial, and technical cooperation (Jan. 18, 1974) and the signing of an agreement on the further development of economic cooperation (Oct. 30, 1974).

In a joint declaration of Oct. 30, 1974, the parties stated that the treaty of 1970 remains the basis for a further improvement of relations between the USSR and the FRG. They also agreed to hold periodic consultations on questions of bilateral relations and on international problems, and they expressed their intention to increase cooperation in different fields.

E. M. ZAITSEV

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In 1985 the total consumption of pesticides in the Federal Republic of Germany was 30,000 tons.
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Under the basic law governing the rehabilitation system, there are 37 occupational training centers (Berufsbildungswerke) throughout the Federal Republic of Germany.
Among other things, the complaint requests the German court to order Samyang to cease and desist from offering, putting on the market, selling, owning, or otherwise using paclitaxel active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Marsis Sutopo thanked the support provided by the Federal Republic of Germany and UNESCO Office, Jakarta in responding to the needs of the Borobudur Conservation Office for enhanced knowledge on how to deal with the effects and impacts of the eruptions of Mount Merapi, which heavily affected the Borobudur Temple Compounds at the time.
The Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany, Gudrun Steinacker, and German Slavist and Macedonian language scholar Wolf Oschlies spoke at the promotion of this outstanding piece of scholarly literature.
The Governor while mentioning the support and humanitarian services which the Federal Republic of Germany have been contributing in this respect particularly thanked its government and people for their valuable contribution in wake of Floods-2010, besides development of other social sectors in this part of our motherland.
The eight nations involved are Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland.
This year concludes the seventh and last phase of the project for the conservation of the World Heritage listed Borobudur Temple Compounds, financed by the Federal Republic of Germany.
Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Ibrahim Al Al-Sheikh, received at the Council's headquarters here today the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Kingdom Boris Ruge.
In his reply, Sheikh Abdullah Al Salmi, while warmly thanking the Federal Republic of Germany for the honour said, "I hope we shall continue to work together as a shining example of excellent human relations and for the future progress of knowledge and science in our societies and nations.
A delegation of the Macedonian Government led by Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski paid a working visit to the Republic of Austria and the Federal Republic of Germany on 18-20 February.

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