Federalists


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Federalists

 

the members of the Federalist Party, a political party that flourished in the USA between the early 1790’s and 1816. The Federalists, who represented the interests of the wealthy commercial bourgeoisie and a segment of the slavehold-ing plantation owners, advocated the strengthening of the federal government. They held power from 1789 to 1801, during which time they introduced a protectionist tariff (1789) and created a national bank (1791).

Fears that the ideas of the French Revolution might spread to the USA led the Federalists to orient their foreign policy toward the British monarchy, with which the United States signed the humiliating Jay’s Treaty of 1794. In 1798 the Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which curtailed democratic freedoms. As a result of this legislation and their party’s tax policy, the Federalists suffered a decline in influence and were defeated in the elections of 1800. Finding themselves in the opposition, the Federalists in 1804 organized a plot to partition the United States. During the War of 1812, they sought to separate the states of New England from the rest of the country.

References in periodicals archive ?
See RAKOVE, supra note 34, at 15 (noting that The Federalist Papers are "[f]oremost" among contemporary sources reflecting the original understanding of the Constitution).
Ferling writes that the election of 1800 was viewed by many as a rejection of Federalist ways in favor of a more republican form of government.
What particularly excited the Federalists was the opportunity that lay before them for the creation of a unified republican state, with all the potential for reaching what the Enlightenment had regarded as the summit of political bliss: a non-monarchical regime, from which unnatural hierarchies had been banished, in which impartial public-spiritedness and patriotism would replace patronage as the glue of society, in which virtue would spring from acknowledgement of inherent political and moral truths rather than from sectarian and personal ambition, and in which power would have its hands prised away from the throat of liberty.
Nation-wide, the direct tax issue separated Anti-Federalists from Federalists absolutely: no Anti-Federalist could concede the direct tax to the federal government, and no Federalist could let go of it.
On one occasion, Jefferson showed prominent Federalist Alexander Hamilton the busts of three men who, in his estimation, best represented his political principles.
Yet the Federalists also had to present themselves as a clarifying and objective voice among the cacophony of Anti- Federalist arguments.
Among federalists, panic prevailed with Chretien offering a variety of inducements including constitutional commitment to identify Quebec as a "distinct society" with commensurate additional political powers.
This is no small task for a book of just over two hundred pages, about a hundred pages of which are taken up by the texts of the Declaration; Constitution; Federalist Papers 10, 39, 48, 49, and 51; and Madison's "Property.
Virginia, Federalists assured Convention delegates and the public that
The system was overturned by the Gaddafi regime and federalists claim the east, which was the cradle of the revolution on February 17 last year that overthrew the former dictator, was neglected under his rule.
Despite this focus on the contest in the House of Representatives between the two Republican candidates, which is reflected in the book's subtitle, Sharp advances a thesis that the election was uniquely bitter and divisive because each of the two major parries--the Federalists and the Republicans--"was organized around the belief that it, and it alone, was the interpreter and translator of the wishes of the fictive sovereign people" (p.
Summary: Federalists in Libya's eastern Cyrenaica region called on Thursday for a boycott of next month's constituent assembly elections, rejecting the transition plan set out by the interim