Federated States of Micronesia


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Micronesia, Federated States of,

independent nation (2005 est. pop. 108,000), c.271 sq mi (702 sq km), an island group in the W Pacific Ocean. It comprises four states: KosraeKosrae,
island and state (1990 est. pop. 7,435), c.42 sq mi (110 sq km), Federated States of Micronesia. The easternmost island group of the Caroline Islands, Kosrae consist of a larger central island (Kosrae), several small islands, and a narrow fringing reef.
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, PohnpeiPohnpei
, state and island (1991 est. pop. 52,000), 129 sq mi (334 sq km), W Pacific, in the E Caroline Islands. It is one of four states comprising the Federated States of Micronesia.
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 (formerly Ponape), ChuukChuuk
or Truk
, state (1990 est. pop. 48,853), c.39 sq mi (100 sq km), Federated States of Micronesia, W Pacific, in the E Caroline Islands. One of four states comprising the Federated States of Micronesia, Chuuk consists of c.
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 (formerly Truk), and YapYap
, state (1990 pop. 10,886), c.47 sq mi (121 sq km), in the W Caroline Islands, W Pacific. One of four states comprising the Federated States of Micronesia, the island group was formerly part of the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
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. The capital, PalikirPalikir
, town (2000 est. pop. 8,600), capital of the Federated States of Micronesia. Located in a heavily wooded region in the NW part of the island of Pohnpei, it replaced Kolonia (about 6 mi/10 km to the east) as the capital of Micronesia in 1989.
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, is on the island of Pohnpei. The population is predominantly Micronesian and Christian. English is the official language; a number of Austronesian and Polynesian languages are also spoken.

The United States spent heavily in the islands in the 1990s, making financial assistance the primary source of income. Other mainstays of the economy are subsistence farming and fishing. Fish, clothing, bananas, and black pepper are exported and food and beverages, manufactured goods, and machinery are imported. The United States and Japan are the main trading partners.

The islands are governed under the constitution of 1979. The president, who is both head of state and head of government, is elected by Congress for a four-year term. There are 14 members of the unicameral Congress; four are popularly elected for four-year terms and 10 for two-year terms. Defense is the responsibility of the United States. Administratively the country is divided into four states.

Germany purchased the islands from Spain in 1898. They were occupied (1914) by Japan, which received them (1920) as a League of Nations mandate. During World War II, U.S. forces captured the islands, and in 1947 they became part of the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific IslandsPacific Islands, Trust Territory of the,
former UN trust territory administered by the United States, consisting of the Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, and Mariana Islands (excluding Guam). The territory included c.
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. In 1979, as negotiations for termination of the trusteeship continued, they became self-governing as the Federated States of Micronesia. In 1986, they assumed free-association status with the United States; the economic and defense relationship with the United States was renewed for 20 years in 2004. Emmanuel Mori became president in 2007 and was reelected in 2011. Chuuk and Yap were devastated by a supertyphoon in 2015.

References in periodicals archive ?
Author affiliation: Yap State Department of Health Services, Colonia, Yap, Federated States of Micronesia
In the Federated States of Micronesia, the JSDF contingent brought their expertise and support at a point when the Pacific Partnership medical team needed their assistance most.
Of those, 43 states, the District of Columbia, the Federated States of Micronesia, and Puerto Rico applied for PREP; and 30 states and Puerto Rico applied for the
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) consists of 607 islands extending 1,800 miles across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines.
Woleai Atoll (07[degrees]23' N, 143[degrees]55' E) is within Yap State, one of four states (along with Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae) comprising the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) (Fig.
The working group is an initiative of the PSIDS organization made up of the eleven Pacific Islands Missions to the UN, namely the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
Islands in Tuvalu, Kiribati and the Federated States of Micronesia are among those that have grown, largely due to coral debris, land reclamation and sediment.
The Federated States of Micronesia is seriously endangered by the impacts of climate change, including the flooding of its entire territory" and the eventual disappearance of a portion of its state," Andrew Yatilman, director of Micronesia's Office of Environment and Emergency Management, wrote in the complaint to Czech officials.
Argentina, the Federated States of Micronesia, Mauritius and Mexico have pushed for amendment to the protocol to phase out HFC consumption and production, arguing every possible tool must be used to combat climate change.
A passport from the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) or the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) with a valid Form 1-94 or Form 1-94A indicating nonimmigrant admission under the Compact of Free Association Between the United States and the FSM or RMI
From 1987 through 2003, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) received more than $1.
Yap is an island within the Federated States of Micronesia.

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