Feed Crops

Feed Crops


annual, biennial, and perennial plants grown as food for farm animals. Feed crops include grasses, roots and tubers, cucurbits, silage crops, and grains. Feed crops are planted in field and fodder crop rotations and on plots not used for crop rotation. In the USSR feed crops are of great importance and the acreage devoted to them on kolkhozes, sovkhozes, and other farms has been gradually expanded.

Table 1. Area under feed crops in the USSR
(millions of hectares)
Total area sown ..........18.120.763.155.265.2
Annual grasses (including winter crops for green feed) ..........
Perennial grasses ..........
Corn for silage and green feed ..........
Root and tuber crops and cucurbits ..........

In the USSR the proportion of the area under feed crops rose in 1971 to 31.4 percent of the total sown area, or 2.5 times the feed crop acreage in 1940 (12 percent). The proportion is highest in the Baltic republics and in the Ukrainian SSR. It is very high in some foreign countries, for example, in 1970, 53.2 percent of the total area under crops was devoted to feed crops in Hungary, 77.5 percent in Great Britain, 43.8 percent in the German Democratic Republic, 87.3 percent in Denmark, 57.7 percent in the United States, 65.4 percent in France, and 52.3 percent in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Forage grasses include annual and perennial grasses of the legume and grass families; important root crops are turnips, fodder carrots, semisugar and sugar fodder beets, and rutabagas; and among widely used fodder tuber crops are potatoes (fodder varieties) and Jerusalem artichoke. Cucurbits used for feed include citronmelon, vegetable marrow, and pumpkin, and important silage crops are corn, sunflower, collards, Jerusalem artichoke, white mustard, and winter rape. Grain legumes (peas, soybeans, lentils) and cereal grains (rye, oats, barley, millet) are also grown for green feed and, sometimes, for hay. Feed grains are obtained from such legumes as vetch, broadbeans, peas, maple peas, and lupine and from such grains as oats, barley, corn, sorghum, and foxtail and African millet.


Kormovye rasteniia senokosov i pastbishch SSSR, vols. 1-3. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950-56.
Rogov, M. S. Rannie korma. Moscow, 1970.
Tarasov, M. P., and A. G. Shmakova. Kormovye korneplody. Leningrad, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
Growing feed crops for livestock consumes 56% of water in the U.
Those hulls are sold as livestock feed, reducing the amount of water that would otherwise be needed to grow feed crops like hay.
Low domestic production with high import prices of maize, soybeans and other feed crops in some regions has led to scarcity of raw materials resulting in informal and unreliable sourcing of feed ingredients.
This rotation of crops helps prevent a build-up of pests and diseases and makes it easier to feed crops in the most beneficial way.
Land used for grazing and for growing feed crops for these animals is often created by clearing forests, which has a negative impact on the industry's carbon footprint, because trees naturally absorb carbon dioxide.
Conventional food and feed crops are unqualified for assistance.
Hundreds of tons of ammonium nitrate, used to feed crops, were stored at West Fertilizer.
One of the main challenges in producing domestic sources of bioenergy feedstocks is ensuring that we don't interfere with production of food and feed crops grown on prime farmland.
Advanced biofuels are produced from wastes, algae and other sources that don't compete directly with food and feed crops, said the committee in a statement.
While Smithfield's 11 abattoirs and pork processing facilities in these states are safe from future legal challenges based on these state laws, thanks to World Trade Organization provisions on the General Agreement on Trade Services, the protection against state meddling against foreign direct investment might now apply to land used for ancillary purposes, such as manure lagoons and feed crops.
This doesn't even take into account meat's other environmental impacts, such as the greenhouse gases released by cow manure and the fertilizers used to grow feed crops.
At the very least, few other importing nations will relish having to compete with China to secure their own access to food and feed crops given China's experience and sophisticated commodity acquisition network.