Feed Grain


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Feed Grain

 

the grain of cereal and leguminous crops, used as fodder for farm animals. Feed grains belong to the group of concentrated feeds, since they contain a very high amount of easily digestible nutritive substances per unit volume as compared to other feeds. The grain of cereals contains up to 75 percent carbohydrates, 10-12 percent protein, 2-5 percent fat, and 1-4 percent inorganic substances (mainly salts of phosphoric acid and potassium) and vitamins of the B and E groups. The grain of legumes contains 20-25 percent protein (up to 35 percent in soybeans) and 1-2 percent fat (about 15 percent in soybeans).

The main cereal feed grains are corn, oats, barley, rye, millet, green bristle grass, and sorghum; legumes include the vetch, lentils, soybeans, common beans, horse beans, and chick-peas. Feed grains are fed to all types of animals in ground, crushed, or milled form. Because of the presence of binding substances, large doses of leguminous feeds sometimes cause constipation. Particular caution is exercised in feeding leguminous grains to pregnant animals. The feeding of grain that is blackened, rotten, or strongly infected by fungal diseases, or that contains considerable amounts of harmful admixtures that cannot be removed, is forbidden.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2008, the protein industry is expected to bear another year of high feed grain costs.
For a country that puts such emphasis on not only development of the livestock industry but also on maintaining feed grain production growth to meet domestic demand, it is somewhat surprising that there are no real reliable estimates of livestock production, feed demand or demand for important feed ingredients such as corn.
The organisation said this was expected to "absorb an important part of the pressure" suffered by the farming world due to the internationally high price of animal feed grain.
Today--and for the foreseeable future if federal policies do not change--the feed industry faces the 'perfect storm' of influences that will weigh heavily on ingredient availability, with the cost of ingredients ratcheting higher due to artificial inflation of feed grain and oilseed prices based on competition with U.
If we in the UK continue to eat such vast amounts of meat we will be using up depleting resources (land, energy and water) to feed grain to animals while people starve.
performing a great Skelsmersdale If we in the UK continue to eat such vast amounts of meat, we will be using up depleting resources (land, energy and water) to feed grain to animals while people starve.
He died after a lorry-load of animal feed grain fell from a tipper truck and engulfed him.
An anticipated dramatic fall in world feed grain harvests coupled with the US government raising the cap on levels of corn-based ethanol in petrol had sent corn and wheat prices soaring, the BPC said.
The availability of barley for domestic consumption may fall by around 6-million tons from 2009-10, which will raise substantially the demand for other types of feed grain, mainly wheat, from animal breeders and animal feed makers.
I feed grain in minimal amounts to keep check of my cattle--they are mainly grass-fed.
If you have a source of cheap grain, your eggs (and meat) will cost less if you feed grain on the side.
A NEW section on feed grain prices - vital for producers - has just been added to the British Pig Executive website.