Feeding Area

Feeding Area


in a plot of land, such as a field or orchard, the area occupied by a single plant. The feeding area, which is usually expressed in sq cm or sq m, is determined by the biological characteristics of the variety and age of the plant and by the conditions and purposes of cultivation. A proper feeding area ensures maximal use of sunlight and of moisture and nutrients from the soil, thus increasing the yield and quality of the harvest. It is often expressed in terms of the density of planting, that is, the number of plants per hectare (ha).

The most densely planted crops, such as common flax and herbs, number 20–30 million per ha. Their feeding area is 3-5 sq cm. Cereals are planted 5-6 million per ha, with a feeding area of 20-25 sq cm. Square-cluster plantings of corn have a density of 40,000 plants per ha and a feeding area of 0.25 sq m. Pumpkins are planted 2,000–3,000 per ha, and their feeding area is 3-5 sq m. Fruit crops have a density of 200–500 plants per ha and a feeding area of 20-50 sq m.

The feeding areas for tall crops (such as corn), plants with fruits developing on tall stocks, and late-maturing vegetables (such as cabbage) are larger than those for low-growing varieties, fruit crops with low stocks, and early maturing vegetables. Young vegetable and fruit plants do not make use of their entire feeding area during the early stages of vegetative growth. Thus, it is possible to sow or plant rapidly maturing crops in the interrow areas to make more productive use of the ground.

With a good regime of fertilization and irrigation, decreased feeding areas may produce maximum yields. For this reason, dense plantings are more productive on fertile fields. Larger feeding areas are provided for plants grown from seed.


Rubtsov, M. I., and V. P. Matveev. Ovoshchevodstvo. Moscow, 1970.
Zemledelie, 2nd ed. Edited by S. A. Vorob’ev. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, not everyone wants to hunt from a blind, or maybe they don't have someone who can bump the deer off the feeding area while they sneak out.
With high-temperature polymers, oil cooling is preferred in the solids feeding area, as the high heat absorption of water--particularly as it flashes to steam--could extract enough heat from the screw to disrupt melting farther down the screw.
And to welcome to the migrating birds, the Saltholme team has created a miniature Scandinavian village around the bird feeding area.
It is a pneumatically driven system designed to stop and align the products released from the stacker, a "robot pusher" unit with dual servo drives that transfer products into the feeding area of the bagger.
Rebecca said she was asked to move to the feeding area but that she refused.
The cats perk their ears at the familiar sound and start gathering at their designated feeding area for their afternoon treat.
Now that the new feeding area is nearing completion the volunteers are appealing for funds to provide food for the wildlife.
Hawthorn Webber moth larvae cover their feeding area with a fine white silk webbing ?
If you have to get close to the trunk, a wide feeding area can be severed, and possibly result in a "streak" of vascular tissue on that side of the tree dying, leading to the death of some limbs above.
Imagine intentionally plunging into an open water shark feeding area.