a member or supporter of the Felibrige, a literary movement for the revival and development of Provençal literature. The movement, which originated in the south of France, was influenced by literary and historical romanticism.
A group of Felibrige poets was founded in 1854 by J. Roumanille and F. Mistral. In 1876 the group adopted a charter; it held literary competitions and congresses and published periodicals. The felibres upheld Provençal culture and Provençal literature, which they regarded as the successor to the poetry of the troubadours. The main historical contribution of the felibres was the establishment of literary norms for the Provençal language. The fame of such felibres as Mistral and T. Aubanel made modern Provençal literature part of the European cultural tradition and laid the foundation for recent Provençal literature.
REFERENCESDragomanov, M. “Novokel’tskoe i provansal’skoe dvizhenie vo Frantsii.” Vestnik Evropy, 1875, books 8–9.
Lafont, R., and C. Anatole. Nouvelle Histoire de la littérature occitane, vol. 2. Paris, 1970.
N. V. KOTRELEV