lumber

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lumber,

term for timber that has been cut into boards for use as a building material. The major steps in producing lumber involve logging (the felling and preparation of timber for shipment to sawmills), sawing the logs into boards, grading the boards according to defects and intended use, drying, and finishing the rough boards into smoother products. Among the leading lumber-producing countries in the world are Russia and the United States, which together produce over 50% of the world's lumber supply. In the United States, Maine early took the lead in production, but as the industry spread the forests of the West acquired increasing importance and Oregon, Washington, and California became leading producers. More recently, the forests of the S United States have taken over a large share of lumber production. Lumbering was one of the first industries in North America—its first exports were ship timbers. Logging was a frontier industry, the work being rough, dangerous, and difficult. Romantic, exaggerated stories and legends of the feats of the lumberjack are a colorful chapter in U.S. folklore. For lumber cuts and preparations, see woodwood,
botanically, the xylem tissue that forms the bulk of the stem of a woody plant. Xylem conducts sap upward from the roots to the leaves, stores food in the form of complex carbohydrates, and provides support; it is made up of various types of cells specialized for each of
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Bibliography

See N. C. Brown, Lumber (2d ed. 1958); R. E. Pike, Tall Trees, Tough Men (1967); L. Blanchard, The Lumberjack Frontier (1969).

Lumber

Timber that is sawn or split in the form of beams, boards, joists, planks, or shingles; refers especially to pieces smaller than heavy timber.

Lumber

 

materials (beams, boards, scantlings) produced by sawmilling. Depending on the method of sawing, lumber may be quarter-sawn, flat-sawn, or combined sawn. Lumber with edges finished by sawing is called square-edged, while material without finished edges is called rough. That which has been further processed after sawing in order to smooth the surface or to produce specially shaped surfaces is called dressed. Lumber is used for construction and for making packing containers, furniture, and other articles.

lumber

[′ləm·bər]
(materials)
Logs that have been sawed and prepared for market.

lumber

Timber sawn or split in the form of beams, boards, joists, planks, etc., esp. that which is smaller than heavy timber. Also see board, 1, dimension lumber, matched boards, and yard lumber.

lumber

Chiefly US and Canadian
a. logs; sawn timber
b. cut timber, esp when sawn and dressed ready for use in joinery, carpentry, etc.
c. (as modifier): the lumber trade
References in periodicals archive ?
The concept of whole tree utilization, in which the trunk, branches and even roots of felled trees can all be made available in building, has become an important measure of our use of wood and our relationship to the forests.
In the absence of pheromones, beetles emerging from felled trees disperse out of the treated area.
Unlike the wind storm in mid-December that caused power outages, felled trees and an agricultural crisis with avocados and lemons blowing off trees, the overnight winds averaging 29 miles per hour mostly rattled windows and nudged cars on the freeways.
Council workers were called to clear roads after the heavy winds felled trees.
His assumption that the felled trees in Heath Park were either diseased or unsafe is incorrect.
THE South Coast faced a big clean-up operation today after heavy rains and strong winds flooded villages, felled trees and damaged a famous pier.
The only machine capable of moving Volkswagen-sized boulders and mature felled trees up and down such unstable and steep terrain is a swing yarder, a mammoth crane normally used for clearcutting operations.
this contract does not include stump felled trees,achieving a sustainable path,delivery is detailed in the CCTP.
In addition, it will take decades for newly planted trees to mature, replace the felled trees, and once again act as a carbon sink.
Seven of the 14 felled trees will be replaced with mature specimens while 23 more will remain in place.
Felled trees and debris from wrecked infrastructure blocked roads, and some remote areas were only reachable by air.
Without reliable fire-control methods, timber companies and private landowners would be far less willing to replant felled trees for fear of losing them (and the investment they represent) in the next uncontrollable fire.