felt

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felt,

fabric made by matting or felting together woolwool,
fiber made from the fleece of the domestic sheep. Composition and Characteristics

Wool consists of the cortex, overlapping scales (sharper and more protruding than those of hair) that may expand at their free edges causing fibers to intermesh; elasticum, the
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, hair, or fur, most of which have a natural tendency to snarl or cling together owing to their notched or scaly surfaces. Processes of manufacture vary according to fibers used and purpose intended. Woven felt is first made into coarse cloth, given a heavy nap by teaseling, then ironed down. True felt is made by placing the cleaned fibers in the shape or mass desired, then beating, steaming, pressing, fulling, or otherwise compacting them to the required thickness. Impregnated felts, designed for industrial uses such as roofing and sheathing, are made from waste and sometimes from paper treated with a stiffening or waterproofing substance. As an art, felt making probably preceded spinning. Felt was used in N Asia for clothing and tents, and the felt hat was known in ancient Greece and Rome. The invention (1846) of a machine for making felt first brought about the great popularity of the felt hat for men.

Felt

 

a lining, sealing, heat- and sound-insulating material made by a matting process. There are several kinds of felt, with different properties and uses. In addition to wool (the most common felt) and semiwool felt, there is also mineral felt, made from mineral wadding on an asphalt binding, and felt made from chemical fibers. The basic types of felt are (a) technical (coarse, semicoarse, and fine wool), with a density of from 0.09 to 0.45 g/cm3 in the form of ribbons, sheets, and ready-made pieces, used for gaskets, stuffing, shock absorbers and wicks in automobiles, tractors, combines, and airplanes, for the drive shafts and other components of textile and paper machines, for polishing tin (felt polishing pads), for musical instruments, and for prosthetic devices; (b) everyday, used in shoes, soles, and harness-making; and (c) construction, used for warming the ends of wooden beams in external stone walls and the seams of boards in prefabricated buildings.


Felt

 

a wool or wool-blend fabric made from yarn, whose face is so compacted as a result of fulling that the weave is concealed. Felt usually has a plain or twill weave. After being subjected to intensive fulling, the cloth shrinks lengthwise and, especially, breadthways (up to 50 percent) and acquires an extremely high density. Felt comes in various thicknesses and is distinguished as being fine, semicoarse, or coarse. It may be napped or napless. Felt is used mainly for winter coats, suits, and uniforms. It is used industrially for filters, packing, and automobile and furniture upholstery.

Cotton felt fabric resembles felt made of wool and is often used as a substitute for the latter, especially for school uniforms, quilted coats, and ski suits. There are a number of other fabrics besides felt that are made from yarn subjected to fulling, for example, cheviot, tricot, broadcloth, castor, and baize.

felt

[felt]
(materials)
A fibrous, watertight heavy paper of organic or asbestos fibers impregnated with asphalt and used as an overlining or an underlining for roofs. Also known as felt paper.
(textiles)
A compressed, densely matted unwoven fabric of wool, sometimes with rayon or hair.

felt

An unwoven fabric, composed of fibers which are matted together, usually with the aid of moisture and heat, by rolling or by pressure; usually manufactured from cellulose fibers from wood, paper, or rags, or from asbestos or glass fibers.

felt

Nonwoven material built up from fibers or whiskers of carbon, glass, asbestos, etc.

felt

1. 
a. a matted fabric of wool, hair, etc., made by working the fibres together under pressure or by heat or chemical action
b. (as modifier): a felt hat
2. any material, such as asbestos, made by a similar process of matting
References in periodicals archive ?
The three objectives of this article include: a focus on top hats with a brief overview of how the beaver felt hat was manufactured; second, historic images of various Indians wearing top hats; last, a focus on one outstanding Lakota decorated top hat and contemporary reproductions.
Girls, try the Russian peasant skirt with plenty of embroidery with one of those nipped in jackets or put a waistcoat over a 70s patterned frock and top off with a floppy felt hat.
soldiers with wide-brimmed circular felt hats and women in both Mexican and American dress of the 1840s.
One-of-a-kind limited-edition objects featured in this year's show range from broaches, hand-painted silk scarves, handmade felt hats and sterling silver bookmarks to ceramics, baskets woven with recycled materials, architectural birdhouses, bent-willow rocking chairs and Adirondack guide boats.
The eight dervishes wear tall felt hats, representing tombstones, and flowing white skirts, "the shroud of ego.
com/reports/c61139) has announced the addition of "The 2008-2013 Outlook for Men's and Boys' Felt Hats in Greater China" to their offering.
Match the season Wool and felt hats are to be worn from September to February, and straw and sinamay hats ought to be worn from March to August.
The 'Land Girls' wore green jerseys, brown breeches and brown felt hats.
With their uniform of green ties and jumpers and brown felt hats, they worked from dawn to dusk.
bold 70s prints, tunic shifts, square toed boots in funky colours, t-bar shoes, bright tights, skinny scarves, floppy felt hats
Eight members of the Ohio delegation wear floppy, foot-high felt hats in the style of Dr.
She is currently taking part in hat shows in France and Jersey and is creating a collection of felt hats for this autumn.