Nudity

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Nudity

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Ritual nudity is not uncommon and was found throughout the ancient world. Both the Greeks and the Romans favored it, as did the naked wise men of India—the Gymnosophists. Ancient British women performed magical rites naked, according to Pliny, as did the women of Ancient Persia. Charles Godfrey Leland tells of the daughters of the ancient Persian magi who worshiped the sun as it rose by waving freshly plucked verbena (one of the seven most powerful plants in magic). In Aradia

, Gospel of the Witches of Italy, Leland says that "these Persian priestesses were naked while they thus worshipped, nudity being a symbol of truth and sincerity." Many ancient Jewish prophets worked naked. The Old Testament states (I Samuel

20:23-24): "And the spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?"

Leland recounts Aradia, the Witches' Goddess, speaking to her followers: "And as the sign that ye are truly free, Ye shall be naked in your rites, both men and women also." This exhortation is echoed in modern Wicca in the rite of "Drawing Down the Moon."

Many early illustrations of Witches and sabbats depict naked Witches. Albrecht Dürer's drawing of a Witch riding on a goat to the Walpurgisnacht shows the Witch naked, as does his The Witch and The Four Witches (1491). Similar is Hans Baldung Grun's Witches Concocting Flying Ointment before the Sabbat (1514). Grun did any number of illustrations showing naked witches, such as Witches at Work, The Consecration of the Fork, and Witches' Sabbat. The Douce Collection, Bodleian Library, Oxford, contains an illustration of The Witches' Sabbat on the Brocken with many of the participants naked. Practically all of Goya's paintings of Witches show them naked, Two Witches Flying on a Broom being typical. In the 1610 (Paris) edition of Pierre de Lancre's Tableau de l'inconstance des mauvais anges, a great gathering of Witches is shown with a circle of dancing nudes in one area and a naked mother presenting her equally naked child to the Horned God in another area, this engraved by Ziarnko. Johannes Geiler von Keisersperg's Die Emeis (1517) shows a naked Assembly of Witches. A decoration on the right hand voussoir of the western doorway of Lyons Cathedral (fourteenth century) shows a naked witch riding on the back of a goat.

Today in Witchcraft, Wiccans are divided. The majority in Europe seem to follow the original tradition and to favor ritual nudity, while in the United States the majority prefer to be robed. Some traditions, such as Gardnerian, prescribe ritual nudity, while others leave it to the wishes of the individual covens.

Nudity

Adam and Eve
unashamed in Eden without clothes. [O.T.: Genesis 2:25]
Agnes, St.
hair grew to cover her nakedness. [Christian Hagiog.: Daniel, 21]
burlesque show
stage entertainment to which was added striptease dancing. [Am. Hist.: EB, II: 383–384]
Digambara
ascetic Jainist sect whose members went naked. [Jainism: NCE, 1392]
Godiva, Lady
(d. 1057) rode naked through Coventry to secure tax reduction for the people. [Br. Legend: Brewer Dictionary, 471]
Gymnosophists
ancient Indian philosophers forsook clothing. [Asian Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 396]
Lee, Gypsy Rose
(1914–1970) American burlesque artiste. [Am. Hist.: Halliwell, 429]
Maja Desnuda
Goya’s celebrated picture of woman in the nude. [Span. Art: Spain, 246–247]
Playboy centerfold
nubile woman exhibited au naturel in centerfold of every issue. [Am. Magazines: Playboy]
Venus de Milo
half-naked marble Aphrodite. [Gk. Art: Os-borne, 1184]
Wilberforce, Miss
English lady shocks the populace by publicly disrobing when drunk. [Br. Lit.: South Wind in Magill II, 988]

Nudity

(dreams)
Being naked in a dream suggests vulnerability and exposure. It could be compensation for what is going on in daily life. Are you very guarded and unwilling to let people see the “real” you, or are you feeling embarrassment as a result of a mistake or emotional reaction? With this dream, the unconscious might be encouraging you to become more open with your feelings and more accessible emotionally. Additionally, if you see yourself naked in inappropriate places, your rebellious side may be coming through and with it some fear that people may not accept you for what you really are. Nudity in sexual dreams has its own meaning. For suggestions, please see Sex.
References in periodicals archive ?
25-28) for discussion of the balance between the sublime and the obscene in painting the female nude.
Throughout this stoic performance, Fitz-James certainly maintained the contained image of the female nude via her own restraint--a state made more and more conspicuous every time another of the room's occupants made obvious their own release.
The former turns a seated female nude into an abode for bees (and a metaphor for nutrient-making?
SANJIB Sen held his first photo exhibition on female nudes recently in the Capital, he was surprised there were more woman buyers than men.
Although the two artists' careers appear to have at times overlapped-both trained under Leon Cogniet, both were elected to the Institut in 1891-they did not share the female nude in common.
Theory and practice also both figure in a chapter on the female nude and the artist.
Thrown into relief by the diverse essays, for instance, are the large number of artists utilizing fiber--Magadelena Abakanowicz, Senga Nengudi, Faith Ringgold, Lygia Pape, and Cecilia Vicuna, to name only a few--as well as the widespread use of the female nude across media.
Eric Jan Sluijter, professor of Dutch and Renaissance art history at the University of Leiden, wrote his earlier studies exploring the Dutch visualization of Greco-Roman myths as well as interpretive issues concerning the female nude in Dutch art.
It is commonly observed that the mid-nineteenth century marks a decisive turning point in the representation of the female nude in French painting.
His classy works are eye-popping whether they include clothes or not, emphasizing the synthesis of woman and garment as often as the female nude and the texture of her background.
She admitted: "I think the female body is really beautiful and sometimes I think the sight of a female nude body can be more attractive than a male's - but that's just me.
Regardless of the style or technique, a painting (or drawing, or sculpture) of the female nude evokes many feelings from the viewer, which is part of its historic--and modern--appeal, according to today's artists.