Fengtien Clique

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Fengt’ien Clique


a group of Chinese militarists, based in the northeast, that was closely associated with the Japanese imperialists and played a major role in Chinese politics from 1920 and 1928. Led by Chang Tso-lin, the clique operated from a territorial base comprising the three northeastern provinces that made up Manchuria. From 1920 to 1928 the clique controlled the Peking government; in 1920 and 1921 it exercised control jointly with the Chihli clique, and in 1924 and 1925 it enjoyed the support of Feng Yü-hsiang. After the death of Chang Tso-lin in June 1928, the Fengt’ien clique recognized the authority of the Kuomintang government in Nanking.

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War and Geopolitics in Interwar Manchuria: Zhang Zuolin and the Fengtian Clique During the Northern Expedition
His ministers were mainly loyalists of the old imperial dynasty, such as his first prime minister, Zheng Xiaoxu, and members of the Fengtian clique which had dominated Northeast China during the 1920s, including the Minister of Defence, Zhang Jinghui.