Feodosiya


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Feodosiya

(fā'ədô`sēə), city (1990 est. pop. 85,000), E Crimea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), it passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. It is a major Black Sea port at the western end of the Feodosiya Gulf. Feodosiya is also a rail terminus. A popular Crimean sea and health resort, Feodosiya has beaches, mineral springs, and mud baths. The city occupies the site of ancient Theodosia, which was founded in the 6th cent. B.C. by Greek colonists from Miletus. Theodosia, noted for its grain exports, was destroyed by the Huns in the 4th cent. A.D.; it existed thereafter as an insignificant village until the Genoese arrived in the 13th cent., established a flourishing trade colony, and virtually monopolized Black Sea commerce. Under their rule, the city was called Caffa or Kaffa and served as the chief port and administrative center of Genoese possessions along the Black Sea coast. The khan of Crimea, an ally of the Turks, conquered the city in 1475; it remained under Turko-Tatar control until Russia's annexation of the Crimea in 1783. In 1802 it was named Feodosiya. German forces captured it twice during World War II. The ruins of the Genoese fortifications still stand.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until the CPC began delivery at Russia's Black Sea terminal zone of Novorossiysk in October 2001, TCO exports used to be moved partly through congested Russian pipelines, partly by rail to China, and partly by rail and pipeline to the Black Sea ports of Odessa, Feodosiya and Sevastopol, and Georgia's Batumi.
The base in Feodosiya housed Ukraine's only marine battalion.
Witnesses said Russian soldiers had moved out of their bases and blocked about 400 Ukrainian marines in the eastern port city of Feodosiya.
Witnesses said Russian soldiers had also blocked about 400 Ukrainian marines at their base in the eastern Crimean port city of Feodosiya and were calling on them to surrender and give up their weapons.
flag merchant ship Advantage arrived at Feodosiya with five hundred tons of construction material and equipment for use in that year's SEA BREEZE exercise.
The Party of Regions called the unloading of Advantage in Feodosiya an example of "brutal contempt" by the government for the constitution.
The crude reaches Tallinn by rail via the Ukrainian ports of Feodosiya and Sevastopol.
The language school, in Feodosiya, on the Black Sea coast in the Eastern Crimea, is the only private language school in the area.
He also said KazakhOil was interested in taking part in the sale of Kiev's stake in the Black Sea port of Feodosiya which is one of the terminals now being used for Kazakh crude exports.
Until this began delivery at Novorossiysk in October 2001, TCO's exports used to be moved partly through congested Russian pipelines, partly by rail to China, and partly by rail and pipeline to the Black Sea ports of Ukraine's Odessa, Feodosiya and Sevastopol, Russia's Novorossiysk terminal and Georgia's Batumi.
Crudes reach Tallinn by rail via Feodosiya and Sevastopol.
5% S - partly through the congested Russian pipelines, partly by rail to China, and partly by rail and pipeline to the Black Sea ports of Ukraine's Odessa, Feodosiya and Sevastopol, Russia's Novorossiysk and Georgia's Batumi.