Ferdinand Foch


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Related to Ferdinand Foch: Douglas Haig, Philippe Petain

Foch, Ferdinand

(fĕrdēnäN` fôsh), 1851–1929, marshal of France. A professor at the École de Guerre, he later served (1908–11) as director of that institute. In World War I, he was responsible, with General Joffre and General Gallieni, for halting the German advance at the Marne (1914). He participated in the first battle of Ypres (1915) and that of the Somme (1916); after a brief eclipse, he was appointed (1917) chief of the French general staff. In Apr., 1918, Foch assumed the unified command of the British, French, and American armies. In this capacity, he was perhaps more responsible than any other one man for the victory in 1918.

Bibliography

See B. H. L. Hart, Foch, the Man of Orléans (1932); C. Bugnet, Foch Speaks (tr. 1929).

Foch, Ferdinand

 

Born Oct. 2, 1851, in Tarbes; died Mar. 20, 1929, in Paris. Marshal of France (1918), field marshal of Great Britain (1919), and marshal of Poland (1923). Member of the Académie Française (1918).

Foch became an artillery officer in 1873. In 1887 he graduated from the Ecole supérieure de Guerre, where he was a professor from 1895 to 1900 and director from 1908 to 1911. At the beginning of World War I, Foch commanded a corps and later the Ninth Army; in 1915 and 1916 he was commander of the Army Group of the North. In May 1917 he was made chief of the General Staff and in April 1918, supreme commander of the Allied forces. Foch played an important role in the Allies’ victory over the coalition of the Central Powers. From 1918 to 1920 he was one of the active organizers of military intervention in Soviet Russia. Foch was the author of works on military theory, and he wrote his memoirs.

WORKS

O vedenii voiny, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1937. (Translated from French.)
Vospominaniia (Voina 1914–1918 gg.). Moscow, 1939. (Translated from French.)

REFERENCES

Gaquère, C. F. Vie populaire du maréchal Foch. Arras, 1955.
Grasset, A. Foch ou la volonté de vaincre. Paris, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Haig took the plan to Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the Allied commander, who not only endorsed it, but also embellished it.
Pershing, Commander-in-Chief of American Armies; George Clemenceau, the French Premier; Marshall Ferdinand Foch, the Supreme Allied Commander; General Henri Philippe Petain, Commander-in-Chief of French Armies; and Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, the Commander-in-Chief of British Armies.
From the French tradition, there are the standard figures--Antoine Henri Jomini, Ardant du Picq, Ferdinand Foch, Charles de Gaulle, Raymond Aron, Raoul Castex (the foremost French naval theorist), Andre Beaufre, Pierre Gallois, and others; there are also obscure yet interesting names, like Paul-Gedeon Joly de Maizeroy (1719- 80), who apparently introduced th e term "strategy" in reference to the higher component of the art of war, and the contemporary strategist Lucien Poirier.
When Marshall Ferdinand Foch, supreme commander of the allied forces, found sections of his line under pressure during the second battle of the Marne, late in the First World War, his reaction was bullish.
Anticipating a renewed enemy offensive on the Aisne-Marne salient, General Ferdinand Foch ordered a spoiling counterattack on a vulnerable German flank.
1918) France: General Ferdinand Foch is appointed commander in chief of Allied forces in France.
In "history's bad asses,'' we learned that French Marshall Ferdinand Foch said the Versailles Treaty ending World War I was not a peace accord but an armistice for 20 years.
The "strategy of opportunism" pursued by Ferdinand Foch as Allied supreme commander was in good part a product of recognition that the French army could no longer bear the war's primary burden.
That night General Haig and the Supreme Allied Commander, Marshal Ferdinand Foch, were both surprised and delighted.
Allied Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch called York's feat "the greatest thing accomplished by any private soldier of all the armies of Europe.