Ferdinand IV


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Ferdinand IV,

king of Naples: see Ferdinand IFerdinand I,
1751–1825, king of the Two Sicilies (1816–25). He had previously been king of Naples (1759–99, 1799–1805, 1815–16) as Ferdinand IV and king of Sicily (1759–1816) as Ferdinand III.
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, king of the Two Sicilies.

Ferdinand IV,

1285–1312, Spanish king of Castile and León (1295–1312), son and successor of Sancho IV. His mother, María de MolinaMaría de Molina
, d. 1321, queen of Castile, consort of Sancho IV. As regent (1295–1301) for her son, Ferdinand IV, she defended his throne against several pretenders, who were at various times supported by France, Aragón, Portugal, Navarre, and Granada.
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, was regent during his turbulent minority. He tried unsuccessfully to take Algeciras from the Moors but conquered (1309) Gibraltar with the help of Aragón. He was succeeded by his son, Alfonso XI.

Ferdinand IV

 

Born Dec. 6, 1285, in Sevilla; died September 1312. King of Castile and León from 1295.

Until Ferdinand IV attained his majority in 1303, his mother acted as regent, stoutly defending her son’s right to the throne against the claims of several pretenders from the Castilian nobility. Ferdinand’s various rivals had the respective support of the kings of Aragón, France, and Portugal and of the emir of Granada. After he assumed full royal power, Ferdinand IV won a series of battles against the Moors with the help of the king of Aragón. In 1310 he captured the fortress of Gibraltar. Ferdinand IV died in Jaén, during a new campaign against the Moors for control of Algeciras.

References in classic literature ?
daughter of Louis XVI = the dauphine, Marie Therese Charlotte, Duchesse d'Angouleme, mentioned above; Amelie = Marie Amelie(1782-1866), daughter of King Ferdinand IV of Naples, sister of King Francis I of The Two Sicilies--reluctantly became queen in France when her husband the Duke of Orleans seized the throne from Charles X on July 31, 1830, and was proclaimed King Louis Philippe of the French}
1798 - Ferdinand IV of Naples declares war on France and enters Rome.
Meacham's perspective on the Quijote parallels Wise's argument that Lope de Vega reinterprets the historical rule of Ferdinand IV to undermine the authority of the current king, Philip IV, in La inocente sangre.
The earliest experience of deliberate fusion cuisine, the Neapolitan Noble Cuisine emerged during the 17th century when Marie Caroline of Austria was betrothed to Ferdinand IV of Bourbon, King of Naples.
Arguably the most famous is the Villa Comunale, previously known as the Royal Garden, which was built for Bourbon king Ferdinand IV in the 1780s, while Parco Virgiliano looks out over the tiny volcanic island of Nisida.
It recalls the flight of Queen Maria Carolina, wife of the ruler of Naples, Ferdinand IV of Bourbon, from her home city in the early 1800s.
San Carlo has also been burnt to the ground, but that was in 1816 and it was swiftly rebuilt in 10 months, to designs by Antonio Niccolini, at the behest of Ferdinand IV, the Bourbon king.
He was succeeded by his son, Ferdinand IV, a monarch who had the soul of a peasant, ate macaroni with his fingers and started a buffalo-breeding farm outside Caserta.
This edition includes the letters sent to London from January 1797 to December 1799, the period during which, with British support, Ferdinand IV set out to attack the French revolutionary army in Rome, only to meet defeat.
He was to stay in Italy for the remainder of his fife: in Rome, in Naples, as court painter to Ferdinand IV, then finally--forced out by the Napoleonic occupation of 1799--in Florence, where he died in 1807.
Also of bibliographic interest is the note to P2341, a plate commemorating the death of Emperor Ferdinand IV, stating that a Yiddish version of the first song was published in Prague in 1654 (483).
It came from the library of Martyn's sponsor, King Ferdinand IV of Naples, and includes some of the first pictures of shells collected on Captain Cook's voyages.