Ferhat Abbas


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Abbas, Ferhat

 

Born Aug. 24, 1899. An Algerian political figure and statesman. A pharmacist by profession.

In 1938, Abbas founded the “Algerian National Union,” which opposed the colonial regime and stood for complete equality of Algerians and Frenchmen. He headed the moderately nationalistic organizations “Friends of the Manifesto and Freedom” (1944–45) and the “Democratic Union of the Algerian Manifesto” (1946–56), which struggled for the autonomy of Algeria in a commonwealth federation with France. In 1956 he openly joined the National Liberation Front (FLN—Front de Liberation Nationale); in 1956–58 he was accepted into the leading bodies of the FLN. Abbas was appointed president of the provisional government of the Algerian Republic in 1958–61. In 1962—63 he became the president of the national assembly. In 1963 he retired from public affairs as a result of his disagreement with the internal politics of the government—he had come out for the introduction of bourgeois parliamentarism and against the one-party system. Abbas was then expelled from the ranks of the FLN and retired from active political life.

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Over DZD 8 billion has been allocated for the public works projects included in this new programme, particularly for the strengthening of a number of civil engineering structures, the rehabilitation of several kilometres of roads, the construction of new roads, road surfacing, in addition to the maintenance works, studies and the construction of three new road maintenance centres, as well as the strengthening of the main landing runway of Ferhat Abbas international airport.
Stone follows up with a study of the ideological evolution of Algeria from the brief presidency of Ferhat Abbas (1962) to the more rigorously socialist era of Ben Bella (1962-1965) and Boumedienne (1965-1978).
Tant de biographies, d'essais et de recits ont ete publies sur les deux leaders du mouvement national que sont Messali Hadj et Ferhat Abbas.
May the sacrifices and legacies of Chris Hani, Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Gamal Abdul Nasser, Carlos Cardoso, Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim, Samora Machel, John Garang, Steve Biko, Ferhat Abbas, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, Thomas Sankara, and Amilcar Cabral, among too many others, inspire you to speak out against injustice whenever and wherever you encounter it.
Celle-ci aura marque une rupture radicale avec les methodes de la lutte politique et pacifique des elites dont Ferhat Abbas aura ete l'eminence grise.
The place had been blocked of by the police, and was filled with reporters and political activists who had been witnessing the installation of Ferhat Abbas as prime minister of the Algerian Provisional Government in exile.
Il fut nomme membre du CNRA en aout 1956 et sera representant du Front en Indonesie, puis chef de cabinet du president Ferhat Abbas, negociateur des accords d'Evian 1960.
1) Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural and life Sciences, University Ferhat Abbas, 19000, Setif, Algeria.